Olfactory neuroblastoma, also called esthesioneuroblastoma (ONB), is a rare neuroectodermal neoplasm that originates from the olfactory epithelium of the nose-sinus tract. It generally occurs with epistaxis, nasal obstruction, diplopia, and anosmia. Methods A 16-year-old female was admitted to our Unit with a complaint of nasal obstruction, recurrent epistaxis, anosmia, and intermittent headache of sixth month’s duration. After the ENT consultation, physical examination, endonasal endoscopy, and multiple biopsies were performed. Instrumental images (CT, MRI) have been requested to stage the aforementioned pathology. Results Instrumental images (CT, MRI) showed a mass filling the right nasal cavity and the maxillary bone and involving the cribriform plate without evidence of dural invasion. Craniofacial resection by means of a bifrontal craniotomy combined with a modified lateral rhinotomic transfacial route was performed. The reconstruction of the inferior and medial orbital walls with employing split-thickness calvarial grafts, pedicled galea-pericranium flap rotated downwards was performed. The patient received 56 Gy of external beam radiotherapy over a 6-week period. Conclusion Early diagnosis and treatment coordinated by a multidisciplinary team of ENTs, neurosurgeons, oncologists, pathologists, and radiologists are a prerequisite for a good prognosis. An excellent surgical debulking, negative margins, and subsequent locoregional control of the pathology through radiotherapy is fundamental.

Advanced olfactory neuroblastoma in a teenager: a clinical case and short review of literature

Salvatore Cocuzza
Secondo
Conceptualization
;
Antonino Maniaci
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Piero Pavone
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2020

Abstract

Olfactory neuroblastoma, also called esthesioneuroblastoma (ONB), is a rare neuroectodermal neoplasm that originates from the olfactory epithelium of the nose-sinus tract. It generally occurs with epistaxis, nasal obstruction, diplopia, and anosmia. Methods A 16-year-old female was admitted to our Unit with a complaint of nasal obstruction, recurrent epistaxis, anosmia, and intermittent headache of sixth month’s duration. After the ENT consultation, physical examination, endonasal endoscopy, and multiple biopsies were performed. Instrumental images (CT, MRI) have been requested to stage the aforementioned pathology. Results Instrumental images (CT, MRI) showed a mass filling the right nasal cavity and the maxillary bone and involving the cribriform plate without evidence of dural invasion. Craniofacial resection by means of a bifrontal craniotomy combined with a modified lateral rhinotomic transfacial route was performed. The reconstruction of the inferior and medial orbital walls with employing split-thickness calvarial grafts, pedicled galea-pericranium flap rotated downwards was performed. The patient received 56 Gy of external beam radiotherapy over a 6-week period. Conclusion Early diagnosis and treatment coordinated by a multidisciplinary team of ENTs, neurosurgeons, oncologists, pathologists, and radiologists are a prerequisite for a good prognosis. An excellent surgical debulking, negative margins, and subsequent locoregional control of the pathology through radiotherapy is fundamental.
Esthesioneuroblastoma . Olfactory neuroblastoma . Craniofacial resection . Primary reconstruction . Radiotherapy
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Advanced olfactory neuroblastoma in a teenager.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Versione Editoriale (PDF)
Dimensione 807.73 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
807.73 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Correction Advanced olfactory.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Dimensione 137.73 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
137.73 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/402212
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact