Aim: To compare the cutting efficiency of several glide path files: HyFlex EDM Glidepath File (HEGF), One G (OG), R-Pilot (RP) and WaveOne Gold Glider (WOGG) at different cutting inclinations. Methodology: Cutting efficiency of 120 new HEGF, OG, RP and WOGG was tested at 90°, 70° and 45° inclination in relation to the sample. Depending on manufacturer instructions, instruments were tested in continuous rotation or reciprocating motion against standardized gypsum samples for 120 s using a customized apparatus. Cutting efficiency was determined by measuring the weight loss and the length of the sample cut. Data were analysed using two-way analysis of variance and Tukey t-test (P < 0.05). Results: RP and WOGG had greater cutting ability than HEGF and OG in all tested angles. RP tested at 45° had significantly greater cutting efficiency than when tested at 90° and 70° (P < 0.05). OG was not significantly different in terms of cutting ability at 90°, 70° and 45° (P > 0.05). HEGF and WOGG had significantly greater cutting efficiency at 45° and 70° compared to 90° (P < 0.05), with no significant difference between 45° and 70° (P > 0.05). RP had the greatest cutting ability at all tested angles. Conclusions: Reciprocating glide path instruments had greater cutting efficiency compared to those in continuous rotation. An inclined insertion (45° or 70°) increased the cutting ability of glide path files except for One G conventional NiTi files.

Cutting efficiency of conventional and heat-treated nickel–titanium rotary or reciprocating glide path instruments

Pedulla E.;Leanza G.;La Rosa G. R. M.
;
Gueli A. M.;Pasquale S.;Rapisarda E.
2020-01-01

Abstract

Aim: To compare the cutting efficiency of several glide path files: HyFlex EDM Glidepath File (HEGF), One G (OG), R-Pilot (RP) and WaveOne Gold Glider (WOGG) at different cutting inclinations. Methodology: Cutting efficiency of 120 new HEGF, OG, RP and WOGG was tested at 90°, 70° and 45° inclination in relation to the sample. Depending on manufacturer instructions, instruments were tested in continuous rotation or reciprocating motion against standardized gypsum samples for 120 s using a customized apparatus. Cutting efficiency was determined by measuring the weight loss and the length of the sample cut. Data were analysed using two-way analysis of variance and Tukey t-test (P < 0.05). Results: RP and WOGG had greater cutting ability than HEGF and OG in all tested angles. RP tested at 45° had significantly greater cutting efficiency than when tested at 90° and 70° (P < 0.05). OG was not significantly different in terms of cutting ability at 90°, 70° and 45° (P > 0.05). HEGF and WOGG had significantly greater cutting efficiency at 45° and 70° compared to 90° (P < 0.05), with no significant difference between 45° and 70° (P > 0.05). RP had the greatest cutting ability at all tested angles. Conclusions: Reciprocating glide path instruments had greater cutting efficiency compared to those in continuous rotation. An inclined insertion (45° or 70°) increased the cutting ability of glide path files except for One G conventional NiTi files.
2020
cutting efficiency; glide path; heat treatment; incidence angles; reciprocation; Dental Instruments; Equipment Design; Hot Temperature; Root Canal Preparation; Rotation; Nickel; Titanium
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/411160
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