The aim of this retrospective study is to report on a series of 15 patients with abdominal hydatid disease in uncommon sites submitted to surgery in our unit over the period 1974-2003. Eight women and 7 men (mean age: 48.4 years) were included in the study. The hydatid cysts were located in the peritoneum in 8 patients, in the spleen in 5, in the kidney in 1 and in the retroperitoneum in 1. In 4 cases the peritoneal cysts were solitary, while 4 patients in this subgroup presented multiple cysts and 2 had concomitant liver hydatidosis. The splenic cysts were solitary in 2 cases, associated with a hepatic cyst in 2 and with a lung cyst in 1. The renal and retroperitoneal cysts were both solitary. The diagnosis was made at operation in 3 cases, while in 12 patients it was made by serological tests, ultrasonography and/or CT. All patients were operated on: we performed a total cystectomy in 7 patients with peritoneal cysts and in the patient with a retroperitoneal location, splenectomy in the 5 splenic cysts and a partial cystectomy with external drainage of the residual cavity in 1 peritoneal cyst and in the renal location. The postoperative course was regular with no mortality and no major morbidity in 14 patients, while 1 patient submitted to splenectomy developed a subphrenic abscess that required surgical drainage. Two recurrences occurred in patients with peritoneal cysts 71 and 20 months, respectively, after the first operation and these were managed by total cystectomy. The diagnosis of uncommon abdominal sites of hydatid disease is more accurate today because of the new imaging techniques, which are often able to show specific radiological signs of hydatid disease. The treatment of choice is surgical and complete removal of the cyst is the gold standard, but its feasibility is related to the location of the cyst.
|Titolo:||Uncommon abdominal sites of hydatid disease. Our experience with the surgical treatment of 15 cases|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|