In the present study, we analysed a 31bp variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) of the cystathionine ß—synthase (CBS) gene in 427 subjects: 127 patients with Down syndrome (DS) and in 60 of their mothers; 172 age—and sex—matched controls and in 68 of their mothers. A significant statistical difference in the distribution of the 21 repeat allele was found comparing mothers of subjects with DS versus mothers of children without DS (χ2= 4.166; P = 0.0413; Table 2). Since CBS 21 repeats allele carriers show a decrease of CBS enzyme activity possibly leading to lower intracellular glutathione concentration, these results could be explained by a higher not disjunction probability of chromosome 21 in oocytes, due to poor antioxidative protection against reactive oxygen species (ROS) toxic activity.
|Titolo:||A peculiar VNTR in the cystathionine ß-synthase gene is a ricsk factor for Down Syndrome|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|