Context. A key science goal of the Gaia-ESO survey (GES) at the VLT is to use the kinematics of low-mass stars in young clusters and star forming regions to probe their dynamical histories and how they populate the field as they become unbound. The clustering of low-mass stars around the massive Wolf-Rayet binary system gamma(2) Velorum was one of the first GES targets. Aims. We empirically determine the radial velocity precision of GES data, construct a kinematically unbiased sample of cluster members and characterise their dynamical state. Methods. Targets were selected from colour-magnitude diagrams and intermediate resolution spectroscopy was used to derive radial velocities and assess membership from the strength of the Li I 6708 angstrom line. The radial velocity distribution was analysed using a maximum likelihood technique that accounts for unresolved binaries. Results. The GES radial velocity precision is about 0.25 km s(-1) and sufficient to resolve velocity structure in the low-mass population around gamma(2) Vel. The structure is well fitted by two kinematic components with roughly equal numbers of stars; the first has an intrinsic dispersion of 0.34 +/- 0.16 km s(-1), consistent with virial equilibrium. The second has a broader dispersion of 1.60 +/- 0.37 km s(-1) and is offset from the first by congruent to 2 kms(-1). The first population is older by 1-2 Myr based on a greater level of Li depletion seen among its M-type stars and is probably more centrally concentrated around gamma(2) Vel. Conclusions. We consider several formation scenarios, concluding that the two kinematic components are a bound remnant of the original, denser cluster that formed gamma(2) Vel, and a dispersed population from the wider Vela OB2 association, of which gamma(2) Vel is the most massive member. The apparent youth of gamma(2) Vel compared to the older (>= 10 Myr) low-mass population surrounding it suggests a scenario in which the massive binary formed in a clustered environment after the formation of the bulk of the low-mass stars.
|Titolo:||The Gaia-ESO Survey: Kinematic structure in the Gamma Velorum cluster|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Citazione:||The Gaia-ESO Survey: Kinematic structure in the Gamma Velorum cluster / Jeffries R. D.; Jackson R. J.; Cottaar M.; Koposov S. E.; Lanzafame A; Meyer M. R.; Prisinzano L.; Randich S.; Sacco G. G.; Brugaletta E.; Caramazza M.; Damiani F.; Franciosini E.; Frasca A.; Gilmore G.; Feltzing S.; Micela G.; Alfaro E.; Bensby T.; Pancino E.; Recio-Blanco A.; De laverny P.; Lewis J.; Magrini L.; Morbidelli L.; Costado M. T.; Jofre P.; Klutsch A.; Lind K.; Maiorca E.. - In: ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS. - ISSN 0004-6361. - 563(2014).|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|