Downy mildew (Peronospora parasitica (Pers. ex Fr.) Fr.) is a serious disease of brassicas in several countries. Seedlings are very susceptible to this pathogen and crops require frequent fungicide treatments to reach a good marketable yield. The use of resistant cultivars can be the most economical, reliable and environmental friendly method for managing this disease. In this work 32 Sicilian landraces and 16 commercial cultivars of cauliflower and broccoli (B. oleracea) were screened for downy mildew resistance at the cotyledon stage using one P. parasitica strain from Portugal and one from Sicily (Italy). Seven-day old seedlings were inoculated by deposing a droplet of a spore suspension on the cotyledons, incubated under controlled environment and scored 7 days later using a seven-class scale of interaction phenotype (IP), which took into consideration host response and pathogen sporulation. There were no differences in virulence between the two P. parasitica isolates. Accessions ranged from very susceptible to highly resistant to downy mildew showing a variable number of resistant individuals per accession. Forty accessions were very susceptible to downy mildew and are of no interest as sources of resistance, since most of the seedlings were scored in the most susceptible IP classes. Seven accessions had intermediate resistance and included individuals that expressed some degree of resistance. Accession Cv 90 (‘Cavolfiore Torino’) and Br 63 (‘Sparaceddu’) showed the majority of seedlings in the resistant IP classes and may constitute valuable sources of resistance to downy mildew to be used in breeding programs.
|Titolo:||Sources of resistance to downy mildew (Peronospora parasitica (Pers. (ex Fr.) Fr.) in Sicilian germplasm of cauliflower and broccoli|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|