OBJECTIVE: Hepatitis B virus core antibody (HBcAb)-positive organ donors have the potential to transmit infection to transplant recipients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We investigated the use of a single dose of 2000 IU of hepatitis B immunoglobulin in 18 patients among a population of 54 kidney transplant recipients from HBcAb-positive deceased donors. RESULTS: Twelve recipients were HBcAb-positive before transplantation. Among the other 42 patients, 5 (11.9%) seroconverted from HBcAb-negative to HBcAb-positive, whereas one HBcAb-positive recipient became hepatitis B virus surface antigen-positive with clinical signs of active hepatitis 6 years after transplantation. In the 18 patients who underwent prophylaxis, we did not find any seroconversion or hepatitis B virus (HBV) transmission. Graft and patient survival of HBcAb-positive kidney transplants did not differ significantly with a matched population of HBcAb-negative transplantation. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that kidney transplantation from HBcAb-positive donors is safe with a low rate of HBV transmission. A prophylaxis with a single shot of hepatitis B immunoglobulin may be effective in reducing the risk of HBV seroconversion or reactivation and may be suggested in all naïve or HBcAb-positive transplant recipients.
|Titolo:||Kidney Transplantation From Hepatitis B Virus Core Antibody-Positive Donors: Prophylaxis With Hepatitis B Immunoglobulin|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|