Lemon fruit is a source of bioactive compounds, which has many beneficial effects on health. Obesity is characterized by over-accumulation of adipose tissue as a result of increased adipocyte size and number. Adipogenesis is mediated and assisted by various transcription factors that induce lipid-metabolizing enzymes followed by an increase of perilipin expression and lipid droplets generation. Here, we evaluate the effect of lemon extract (LE) as radical scavenger and the consequent regulation of adipocyte differentiation and lipid accumulation. 3T3-L1 murine pre-adipocytes were differentiated and treated with different LE concentrations. The high percentages of flavonoid contained in LE led to a significant inhibition of DPPH radical and reactive oxygen species, demonstrating a strong radical scavenger activity. Treatment of 3T3-cells with LE showed a significant decrease of perilipin expression, subsequently confirmed by the reduction of lipid droplet accumulation, resulting from Oil Red O Staining and by the downregulation of PPARγ and DGAT-1mRNA.

In vitro effects of bioflavonoids rich lemon extract on pre-adipocyte differentiation

Carota G.;Raffaele M.;Amenta M.;Ballistreri G.;Fabroni S.;Vanella L.
;
Sorrenti V.
2020

Abstract

Lemon fruit is a source of bioactive compounds, which has many beneficial effects on health. Obesity is characterized by over-accumulation of adipose tissue as a result of increased adipocyte size and number. Adipogenesis is mediated and assisted by various transcription factors that induce lipid-metabolizing enzymes followed by an increase of perilipin expression and lipid droplets generation. Here, we evaluate the effect of lemon extract (LE) as radical scavenger and the consequent regulation of adipocyte differentiation and lipid accumulation. 3T3-L1 murine pre-adipocytes were differentiated and treated with different LE concentrations. The high percentages of flavonoid contained in LE led to a significant inhibition of DPPH radical and reactive oxygen species, demonstrating a strong radical scavenger activity. Treatment of 3T3-cells with LE showed a significant decrease of perilipin expression, subsequently confirmed by the reduction of lipid droplet accumulation, resulting from Oil Red O Staining and by the downregulation of PPARγ and DGAT-1mRNA.
antioxidant activity
Bioflavonoids
lemon
perilipin
pre-adipocytes
secondary metabolites
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/446997
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