Purpose: Denosumab has been proven to reduce fracture risk in breast cancer (BC) women under aromatase inhibitors (AIs). Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) provides information on the structure and elastic properties of bone. Our aim was to assess bone health by phalangeal QUS and by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), and to evaluate bone turnover in AIs-treated BC women receiving denosumab. Methods: 35 Postmenopausal BC women on AIs were recruited (mean age 61.2 ± 4.5 years) and treated with denosumab 60 mg administered subcutaneously every 6 months. Phalangeal QUS parameters [Amplitude Dependent Speed of Sound (AD-SoS), Ultrasound Bone Profile Index (UBPI), Bone Transmission Time (BTT)] and DXA at lumbar spine and femoral neck were performed. Serum C-telopeptide of type 1 collagen (CTX) and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BSAP) were also measured. The main outcomes were compared with a control group not receiving denosumab (n = 39). Results: In patients treated with denosumab, differently from controls, QUS and DXA measurements improved after 24 months, and a reduction of CTX and BSAP was detected at 12 and 24 months in comparison to baseline (P < 0.05). The percent changes (Δ) of QUS measurements were significantly associated with ΔBMD at femoral neck, and ΔCTX and ΔBSAP were associated with ΔBMD at lumbar spine (r = -0.39, P = 0.02; r = -0.49, P = 0.01, respectively). Conclusions: Denosumab preserves bone health as assessed by phalangeal QUS and DXA. Since inexpensive and radiation-free, phalangeal QUS may be considered in the follow-up of AIs-treated BC women receiving denosumab.

Quantitative ultrasound and DXA measurements in aromatase inhibitor-treated breast cancer women receiving denosumab

GAUDIO, AGOSTINO;
2017-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: Denosumab has been proven to reduce fracture risk in breast cancer (BC) women under aromatase inhibitors (AIs). Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) provides information on the structure and elastic properties of bone. Our aim was to assess bone health by phalangeal QUS and by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), and to evaluate bone turnover in AIs-treated BC women receiving denosumab. Methods: 35 Postmenopausal BC women on AIs were recruited (mean age 61.2 ± 4.5 years) and treated with denosumab 60 mg administered subcutaneously every 6 months. Phalangeal QUS parameters [Amplitude Dependent Speed of Sound (AD-SoS), Ultrasound Bone Profile Index (UBPI), Bone Transmission Time (BTT)] and DXA at lumbar spine and femoral neck were performed. Serum C-telopeptide of type 1 collagen (CTX) and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BSAP) were also measured. The main outcomes were compared with a control group not receiving denosumab (n = 39). Results: In patients treated with denosumab, differently from controls, QUS and DXA measurements improved after 24 months, and a reduction of CTX and BSAP was detected at 12 and 24 months in comparison to baseline (P < 0.05). The percent changes (Δ) of QUS measurements were significantly associated with ΔBMD at femoral neck, and ΔCTX and ΔBSAP were associated with ΔBMD at lumbar spine (r = -0.39, P = 0.02; r = -0.49, P = 0.01, respectively). Conclusions: Denosumab preserves bone health as assessed by phalangeal QUS and DXA. Since inexpensive and radiation-free, phalangeal QUS may be considered in the follow-up of AIs-treated BC women receiving denosumab.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/44904
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