Introduction: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) manifests with a plethora of signs and symptoms affecting brain structures and spinal pathways. The multitude of lesions in MS patients makes difficult to establish the relative role of each of them to lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Generally, the subcortical white-matter lesions result in detrusor overactivity, whilst lesions of the spinal cord result in the combined occurrence of detrusor overactivity and detrusor-sphincter dyssynergia (DSD). It has been estimated that 80–90% of patients with MS will suffer from some form of LUTS over the course of the disease. Among LUTS, the most reported is detrusor overactivity which includes urinary urgency, frequent urination, nocturia, and urge urinary incontinence. Areas covered: The authors review the management of lower urinary tract symptoms in MS patients providing their expert opinions on the subject matter. Expert opinion: LUTS affect the quality of life substantially and are associated with a significantly increased mortality. The adequate management is an important challenge for both patients and caregivers with a multidisciplinary approach likely necessary.

Pharmacotherapeutic management of lower urinary tract symptoms in Multiple Sclerosis Patients

Zanghi A.
Primo
;
Cimino S.;Urzi D.;Privitera S.;Zagari F.;Lanza G.;Patti F.
Penultimo
;
D'Amico E.
Ultimo
2020-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) manifests with a plethora of signs and symptoms affecting brain structures and spinal pathways. The multitude of lesions in MS patients makes difficult to establish the relative role of each of them to lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Generally, the subcortical white-matter lesions result in detrusor overactivity, whilst lesions of the spinal cord result in the combined occurrence of detrusor overactivity and detrusor-sphincter dyssynergia (DSD). It has been estimated that 80–90% of patients with MS will suffer from some form of LUTS over the course of the disease. Among LUTS, the most reported is detrusor overactivity which includes urinary urgency, frequent urination, nocturia, and urge urinary incontinence. Areas covered: The authors review the management of lower urinary tract symptoms in MS patients providing their expert opinions on the subject matter. Expert opinion: LUTS affect the quality of life substantially and are associated with a significantly increased mortality. The adequate management is an important challenge for both patients and caregivers with a multidisciplinary approach likely necessary.
multidisciplinary approach
Multiple sclerosis
therapeutic management
urinary dysfunction
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/450568
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