This paper examines the application of cement (C)-barite (Ba) based-Stabilisation/Solidification (S/S) for the remediation of 137Cs-contaminated soils, investigating the influence of soil: grout and C: Ba ratios on the shielding performance of the S/S mix assessed as gamma radiation shielding (gammaRS) index variation. Results from experiments were used to perform a novel approach and an economic analysis in order to calculate the effective dose reduction achievable by S/S and to assess the optimum quantities and costs of selected mixes, respectively. Gamma ray spectrometer measurements indicate that gammaRS index increases with increasing barite percentage up to a maximum level of 50%; however a further increase results in a worsening of the shielding performances. A maximum gammaRS variation of 46.5% was recorded with grout percentage increasing from 16.6 to 50%. At the photon energy of 662keV (137Cs), the maximum grout amount results in the possibility to shield up to 24.1% of gamma-rays emitted. The effective dose reduction achievable by the investigated S/S allows a maximum 137Cs-soil contamination in the range 2.94-14.55kBq kg-1 successfully treatable employing a soil: grout ratio of 1: 1 (C: Ba=1:1). Technical data, jointly with economic analysis findings, make cement-barite based-S/S very competitive in cost-effectiveness and could provide a basis for decision-making of 137Cs-contaminated site remediation.
|Titolo:||Application of a gamma RS index-based method and techno-economic analysis for in situ treatment of Cs-137-contaminated soils by cement-barite based stabilisation/solidification|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|