The distribution of fragments produced in events involving the multifragmentation of excited sources is studied for peripheral Au + Au reactions at 35 A MeV. The Quasi-Projectile has been reconstructed from its de-excitation products. An isotropic emission in its rest frame has been observed, indicating that an equilibrated system has been formed. The excitation energy of the Quasi-Projectile has been determined via calorimetry. A new event by event effective thermometer is proposed based on the energy balance. A peak in the energy fluctuations is observed related to the heat capacity suggesting that the system undergoes a liquid-gas type phase transition at an excitation energy ∼ 5 A MeV and a temperature 4-6 MeV, dependent on the freeze-out hypothesis. By analyzing different regions of the Campi-plot, the events associated with the liquid and gas phases as well as the critical region are thermodynamically characterized. The critical exponents, τ,β,γ, extracted from the high moments of the charge distribution are consistent with a liquid-gas type phase transition. © 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. PACS: 24.10.Pa; 25.70.Pq.
|Titolo:||Thermodynamical features of multifragmentation in peripheral Au + Au collisions at 35 A MeV|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1999|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|