Islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) is a 37-residue hormone known to deposit as fibrillar aggregates in pancreatic beta-cells of patients affected by T2DM. Although it has been proposed that both the fibrillogenic potential and membrane-activity may play a key role in IAPP cytotoxicity, a direct causative relationship between these two properties has not yet been firmly established. More recently, it has been observed that membrane damage may occur independently from fiber formation of IAPP and that these properties may be encoded by different sequences of IAPP. To further check this hypothesis, the membrane-activity and aggregation properties of the two neutral segments LANFLVH (IAPP(12-18)) and NNFGAIL (IAPP(21-27)), that recent theoretical studies have reported to possess the highest and the lowest fibrillogenic potential respectively, have been studied by means of a combined experimental and computational approach. The whole of the results demonstrate that if neutral peptides and lipids are employed, the most fibrillogenic peptide has the lowest membrane damaging effect and vice versa. These findings are expected to contribute to our rational understanding of the factors involved in the formation of amyloidosis and in the mechanisms of peptide-induced membrane damage.
|Titolo:||Are fibril growth and membrane damage linked processes? An experimental and computational study of IAPP(12-18) and IAPP(21-27) peptides|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|