Nowadays, the estimation of the energy yield of a stand-alone or grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems is crucial for ensuringtheir economic feasibility and the proper sizing of system components. In fact, the energy yield estimation allows to avoid outagesand it ensures quality and continuity of supply. In this context, this paper analyzes and compares two different approaches to estimateenergy yield of a 1.05 kWpexperimental PV plant located at ENEA Portici Research Centre: the first one is based on the physicalmodelization of the plant; the other one is related to various topologies of Artificial Neural Networks (ANN). In particular, in the secondcase, a new hybrid method, called Hybrid Physical Artificial Neural Network (HPANN), based on an ANN and clear sky solar radiationcurves is proposed and compared with a Multi-Layer Perceptron (MLP) ANN method widely used in the scientific literature. Moreover,using the same structure of the HPANN, a nonlinear AutoRegressive eXogenous (ARX) model, which uses a wavelet network as itsnonlinearity estimator, and an approach founded on Adaptive Network based Fuzzy Inference System (FIS) have also been developed.In order to verify the effectiveness of the implemented approaches, measured and estimated data have been compared and errors havebeen calculated by means of different statistical coefficients. Results demonstrate that the HPANN approach allows a more preciseestimation of the ac energy yield, obtaining, in the worst case, values of Relative Root Mean Square Error less than 10%.

Energy yield estimation of thin-film photovoltaic plants by using physical approach and artificial neural networks

TINA, Giuseppe Marco;VENTURA, CRISTINA
2016-01-01

Abstract

Nowadays, the estimation of the energy yield of a stand-alone or grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems is crucial for ensuringtheir economic feasibility and the proper sizing of system components. In fact, the energy yield estimation allows to avoid outagesand it ensures quality and continuity of supply. In this context, this paper analyzes and compares two different approaches to estimateenergy yield of a 1.05 kWpexperimental PV plant located at ENEA Portici Research Centre: the first one is based on the physicalmodelization of the plant; the other one is related to various topologies of Artificial Neural Networks (ANN). In particular, in the secondcase, a new hybrid method, called Hybrid Physical Artificial Neural Network (HPANN), based on an ANN and clear sky solar radiationcurves is proposed and compared with a Multi-Layer Perceptron (MLP) ANN method widely used in the scientific literature. Moreover,using the same structure of the HPANN, a nonlinear AutoRegressive eXogenous (ARX) model, which uses a wavelet network as itsnonlinearity estimator, and an approach founded on Adaptive Network based Fuzzy Inference System (FIS) have also been developed.In order to verify the effectiveness of the implemented approaches, measured and estimated data have been compared and errors havebeen calculated by means of different statistical coefficients. Results demonstrate that the HPANN approach allows a more preciseestimation of the ac energy yield, obtaining, in the worst case, values of Relative Root Mean Square Error less than 10%.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/47150
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