Background: Patients with Fabry’s disease (FD) may be asymptomatic or show a spectrum of clinical manifestations, including cerebrovascular disease, mainly affecting posterior circulation. Few and conflicting studies on cerebral blood flow (CBF) velocity by transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) in asymptomatic FD (aFD) subjects have been published. Our study aims to assess TCD in aFD subjects to identify any preclinical CBF change. Methods: A total of 30 aFD subjects were consecutively recruited and compared to 28 healthy controls. Brain magnetic resonance imaging was normal in all participants. TCD was used to study blood flow velocity and indices of resistance of intracranial arteries from the middle cerebral artery (MCA), bilaterally, and from the basilar artery (BA). Cerebral vasomotor reactivity (CVR) was also evaluated from MCA. Results: No difference was found between groups for MCA parameters of CBF velocity and CVR. Compared to controls, a higher mean blood flow velocity and a lower resistance index from BA were observed in FD subjects. No correlation was found between any BA‐derived TCD parameter and the level of lyso‐globotriaosylceramide. Conclusions: aFD subjects show evidence of altered CBF velocity in posterior circulation. Preclinical detection of neurovascular involvement in FD might allow appropriate management and prevention of future cerebrovascular complications and disability.

Cerebral hemodynamic changes to transcranial doppler in asymptomatic patients with fabry’s disease

Vagli C.
Primo
;
Fisicaro F.
Secondo
;
Vinciguerra L.;Puglisi V.;Rodolico M. S.;Lanza G.
Penultimo
;
Bella R.
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

Background: Patients with Fabry’s disease (FD) may be asymptomatic or show a spectrum of clinical manifestations, including cerebrovascular disease, mainly affecting posterior circulation. Few and conflicting studies on cerebral blood flow (CBF) velocity by transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) in asymptomatic FD (aFD) subjects have been published. Our study aims to assess TCD in aFD subjects to identify any preclinical CBF change. Methods: A total of 30 aFD subjects were consecutively recruited and compared to 28 healthy controls. Brain magnetic resonance imaging was normal in all participants. TCD was used to study blood flow velocity and indices of resistance of intracranial arteries from the middle cerebral artery (MCA), bilaterally, and from the basilar artery (BA). Cerebral vasomotor reactivity (CVR) was also evaluated from MCA. Results: No difference was found between groups for MCA parameters of CBF velocity and CVR. Compared to controls, a higher mean blood flow velocity and a lower resistance index from BA were observed in FD subjects. No correlation was found between any BA‐derived TCD parameter and the level of lyso‐globotriaosylceramide. Conclusions: aFD subjects show evidence of altered CBF velocity in posterior circulation. Preclinical detection of neurovascular involvement in FD might allow appropriate management and prevention of future cerebrovascular complications and disability.
Cerebral blood flow
Cerebral hemodynamics
Cerebrovascular disease
Fabry’s disease
Transcranial Doppler
White matter lesions
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/482417
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