The construction of a yeast artificial chromosome containing a human DNA insert is reported. This molecule of about 200 kb behaves as a native yeast chromosome since it has a very high mitotic stability and is present in the yeast transformant clone at a copy number similar to that of the resident chromosomes. Hybridization with the TTAGGG sequence demonstrates that this chromosome contains human telomeric sequences. In situ hybridization of the biotin-labelled artificial chromosome to metaphase human chromosomes shows that the insert occupies a telomeric position on the long arm of chromosome 9. Since the fragment was cloned as an EcoRI insert and not as a telomere, it is situated medially to the telomeric sequences and harbours telomere-associated sequences, that have been shown to contain the TTAGGG sequence. The fragment represents the end of the genetic map of chromosome 9 and thus can be used to characterize the sequence and the structure of the chromosomal region that runs from the end of the chromosome to the first gene.
|Titolo:||Cloning a fragment from the telomere of the long arm of human chromosome 9 in a YAC vector|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1990|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|