The pathophysiological mechanisms of venous thromboembolism are venous stasis, endothelial damage, and hypercoagulability, while less attention has been given to the role of both innate and native immunity. In this paper, we investigate the involvement of the activated immune system detected through some indicators such as TIM3 and Dectin-1 expressed by T lymphocytes. TIM3 and Dectin-1, two surface molecules that regulate the fine-tuning of innate and adaptive immune responses, were evaluated in patients affected by deep vein thrombosis of lower limbs (DVTLL). CD3+, CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes obtained from patients affected by DVTLL were analysed using fluorescence-conjugated antibodies for TIM3 and Dectin-1 by an imaging flow cytometer. DVTLL patients showed a higher number of CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes. TIM3 expression in T lymphocytes was very low in both DVTLL patients and controls. On the contrary, an increase in Dectin-1+ cells among CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes from DVTLL patients was observed. Dectin-1 is known to play a role in inflammation and immunity and our result suggests its potential involvement in thrombotic venous disease.

Dectin-1 and TIM3 Expression in Deep Vein Thrombosis of Lower Limbs (DVTLL)

Barresi, Vincenza;Spampinato, Giorgia;Condorelli, Daniele Filippo;Signorelli, Salvatore Santo
2020-01-01

Abstract

The pathophysiological mechanisms of venous thromboembolism are venous stasis, endothelial damage, and hypercoagulability, while less attention has been given to the role of both innate and native immunity. In this paper, we investigate the involvement of the activated immune system detected through some indicators such as TIM3 and Dectin-1 expressed by T lymphocytes. TIM3 and Dectin-1, two surface molecules that regulate the fine-tuning of innate and adaptive immune responses, were evaluated in patients affected by deep vein thrombosis of lower limbs (DVTLL). CD3+, CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes obtained from patients affected by DVTLL were analysed using fluorescence-conjugated antibodies for TIM3 and Dectin-1 by an imaging flow cytometer. DVTLL patients showed a higher number of CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes. TIM3 expression in T lymphocytes was very low in both DVTLL patients and controls. On the contrary, an increase in Dectin-1+ cells among CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes from DVTLL patients was observed. Dectin-1 is known to play a role in inflammation and immunity and our result suggests its potential involvement in thrombotic venous disease.
2020
Dectin-1
T lymphocyte
TIM3
deep vein thrombosis
immunity
inflammation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/486912
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