Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have unique anti-angiogenic properties and have been applied in a variety of cancers studies. ‘Naked’ gold nanoparticles directly bound to angiogenic factors have been demonstrated to inhibit growth factor-mediated signalling in vitro and vascular endothelial growth factor-induced angiogenesis in vivo. Angiogenin (Ang) is a protein physiologically constituent the human plasma but also a pathological marker of different cancer types.Herein, the peptide Ang60–68, encompassing the putative cellular binding site of the protein Ang, has been synthe- sized and characterized in the interaction with spherical AuNPs of 12 nm of diameter. The Ang mimicking activity of the peptide was assessed in terms of cell cytoskeleton rearrangements visualized by staining of actin, which is an important target of the whole protein. The hybrid assemblies obtained by physical adsorption of the peptide molecules at the surface of the gold nanoparticles were scrutinised by UV–visible spectroscopy, to characterize with titration experiments the changes in the plasmonic properties of AuNPs as well as the peptide spectral fea- tures. The latter were obtained by using the fluorescent analogous peptide, Fam-Ang59–68, incorporating the car- boxyfluorescein (Fam) moiety, through an amidic bond of the N-terminal residue. The hydrodynamic size of the peptide-Au systems were determined by dynamic light scattering (DLS) analyses. Proof-of work experiments with human neuroblastoma cells line demonstrated the non-toxicity of the Ang-mimicking peptide functionalised gold nanoparticles. Moreover, laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSM) experiments showed the localization of the peptide-nanoparticles at the cell membrane and their sub-cellular distribution. These data reveal a promising new platform for imaging and therapeutic activities in cancer therapy.
|Titolo:||Angiogenin-mimetic peptide functionalised gold nanoparticles for cancer therapy applications|
SATRIANO, Cristina (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|