This study evaluated the effect of sodium naproxen (a reversible competitive inhibitor of cyclo-oxygenase) and phenylephrine (a mydriatic alpha-adrenergic agent) eye drops in maintaining atropine mydriasis in the rabbit after paracentesis. Moreover, to assess the influence of these treatments on vascular and cellular inflammatory responses in the rabbit eye, several biochemical parameters were considered. Anterior chamber paracentesis significantly reduced atropine-induced mydriasis and a parallel elevation of proteins, polymorphonuclear leucocytes (PMNs), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and leukotriene B4 (LTB4) levels in the secondary aqueous humour (obtained 120 min later) was observed. A significant increase in PMNs in the aqueous humour and a parallel increase in myeloperoxidase activity, a measure of PMN infiltration, in the iris-ciliary body were detected. Atropine-induced mydriasis was maintained in rabbits treated with either sodium naproxen or phenylephrine eye drops. However, only in the former group were the inflammatory parameters significantly reduced, with the exception of aqueous LTB4 levels. The inhibition of the protein influx in the aqueous humour and of the miosis produced by sodium naproxen can be related to the high drug levels in the aqueous humour that were effective in inhibiting the cyclo-oxygenase pathway of arachidonic acid metabolism, whereas the effects on PMN infiltration appear to be independent of significant release of the potent chemotactic agent LTB4, synthesized via the 5-lipoxygenase pathway.
|Titolo:||Effect of sodium naproxen on inflammatory response induced by anterior chamber paracentesis in the rabbit|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1995|
|Citazione:||Effect of sodium naproxen on inflammatory response induced by anterior chamber paracentesis in the rabbit / Bucolo C; Spadaro A. - In: JOURNAL OF PHARMACY AND PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-3573. - 47:9(1995), pp. 708-712.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|