Background: Extent of tumor resection (EOTR) in glioblastoma surgery plays an important role in improving survival. Objective: To analyze the efficacy, safety and reliability of fluid-attenuated inversion-recovery (FLAIR) magnetic resonance (MR) images used to guide glioblastoma resection (FLAIRectomy) and to volumetrically measure postoperative EOTR, which was correlated with clinical outcome and survival. Methods: A total of 68 glioblastoma patients (29 males, mean age 65.8) were prospectively enrolled. Hyperintense areas on FLAIR images, surrounding gadolinium-enhancing tissue on T1-weighted MR images, were screened for signal changes suggesting tumor infiltration and evaluated for supramaximal resection. The surgical protocol included 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) fluorescence, neuromonitoring, and intraoperative imaging tools. 5-ALA fluorescence intensity was analyzed and matched with the different sites on navigated MR, both on postcontrast T1-weighted and FLAIR images. Volumetric evaluation of EOTR on T1-weighted and FLAIR sequences was compared. Results: FLAIR MR volumetric evaluation documented larger tumor volume than that assessed on contrast-enhancing T1 MR (72.6 vs 54.9 cc); residual tumor was seen in 43 patients; postcontrast T1 MR volumetric analysis showed complete resection in 64 cases. O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase promoter was methylated in 8/68 (11.7%) cases; wild type Isocytrate Dehydrogenase-1 (IDH-1) was found in 66/68 patients. Progression free survival and overall survival (PFS and OS) were 17.43 and 25.11 mo, respectively. Multiple regression analysis showed a significant correlation between EOTR based on FLAIR, PFS (R2 = 0.46), and OS (R2 = 0.68). Conclusion: EOTR based on FLAIR and 5-ALA fluorescence is feasible. Safety of resection relies on the use of neuromonitoring and intraoperative multimodal imaging tools. FLAIR-based EOTR appears to be a stronger survival predictor compared to gadolinium-enhancing, T1-based resection.

FLAIRectomy in Supramarginal Resection of Glioblastoma Correlates With Clinical Outcome and Survival Analysis: A Prospective, Single Institution, Case Series

Certo, Francesco
Primo
;
Massimino, Michele;Broggi, Giuseppe;Vigneri, Paolo;Magro, Gaetano;Barbagallo, Giuseppe M V
2021-01-01

Abstract

Background: Extent of tumor resection (EOTR) in glioblastoma surgery plays an important role in improving survival. Objective: To analyze the efficacy, safety and reliability of fluid-attenuated inversion-recovery (FLAIR) magnetic resonance (MR) images used to guide glioblastoma resection (FLAIRectomy) and to volumetrically measure postoperative EOTR, which was correlated with clinical outcome and survival. Methods: A total of 68 glioblastoma patients (29 males, mean age 65.8) were prospectively enrolled. Hyperintense areas on FLAIR images, surrounding gadolinium-enhancing tissue on T1-weighted MR images, were screened for signal changes suggesting tumor infiltration and evaluated for supramaximal resection. The surgical protocol included 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) fluorescence, neuromonitoring, and intraoperative imaging tools. 5-ALA fluorescence intensity was analyzed and matched with the different sites on navigated MR, both on postcontrast T1-weighted and FLAIR images. Volumetric evaluation of EOTR on T1-weighted and FLAIR sequences was compared. Results: FLAIR MR volumetric evaluation documented larger tumor volume than that assessed on contrast-enhancing T1 MR (72.6 vs 54.9 cc); residual tumor was seen in 43 patients; postcontrast T1 MR volumetric analysis showed complete resection in 64 cases. O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase promoter was methylated in 8/68 (11.7%) cases; wild type Isocytrate Dehydrogenase-1 (IDH-1) was found in 66/68 patients. Progression free survival and overall survival (PFS and OS) were 17.43 and 25.11 mo, respectively. Multiple regression analysis showed a significant correlation between EOTR based on FLAIR, PFS (R2 = 0.46), and OS (R2 = 0.68). Conclusion: EOTR based on FLAIR and 5-ALA fluorescence is feasible. Safety of resection relies on the use of neuromonitoring and intraoperative multimodal imaging tools. FLAIR-based EOTR appears to be a stronger survival predictor compared to gadolinium-enhancing, T1-based resection.
2021
FLAIRectomy
5-ALA
Extent of resection
FLAIR
Glioblastoma
Neuronavigation
Survival
i-CT
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/496934
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