Introduction: Frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA) is a lymphocytic primary cicatricial alopecia typically involving the frontotemporal hairline. It may be associated with the presence of facial papules (FP) that clinically appear as noninflammatory, monomorphic, white-yellowish papules. Lichen planus pigmentosus (LPPigm) is characterized by the presence of asymptomatic grayish pigmented macules, predominantly in sun-exposed and flexural areas. Case Report: A 58-year-old, Caucasian, phototype III woman presented with a symmetrical, band-like, frontotemporal alopecia with regression of the hairline; bilateral eyebrow loss; diffuse, symmetrical hyperpigmentation of the face; and some asymptomatic, flesh-colored, monomorphic papules on the chin. Based on clinical, dermoscopic, and histological findings, the diagnosis of FFA associated with FP and LPPigm was established. Discussion/Conclusion: The peculiarity of our report is represented by the triple association of FFA, FP, and LPPigm in a Caucasian skin type III woman, as it has been rarely reported. Clinicians should be aware of this association also in subjects with phototype ≤III, as its recognition may be useful for diagnostic and prognostic purposes: the observation of LPPigm of the face may suggest to check for early FFA, and in case of FFA associated with FP, a poorer FFA prognosis may likely be expected.

Association of Frontal Fibrosing Alopecia with Facial Papules and Lichen Planus Pigmentosus in a Caucasian Woman

Verzi A. E.;Lacarrubba F.;Dall'Oglio F.;Micali G.
2020-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: Frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA) is a lymphocytic primary cicatricial alopecia typically involving the frontotemporal hairline. It may be associated with the presence of facial papules (FP) that clinically appear as noninflammatory, monomorphic, white-yellowish papules. Lichen planus pigmentosus (LPPigm) is characterized by the presence of asymptomatic grayish pigmented macules, predominantly in sun-exposed and flexural areas. Case Report: A 58-year-old, Caucasian, phototype III woman presented with a symmetrical, band-like, frontotemporal alopecia with regression of the hairline; bilateral eyebrow loss; diffuse, symmetrical hyperpigmentation of the face; and some asymptomatic, flesh-colored, monomorphic papules on the chin. Based on clinical, dermoscopic, and histological findings, the diagnosis of FFA associated with FP and LPPigm was established. Discussion/Conclusion: The peculiarity of our report is represented by the triple association of FFA, FP, and LPPigm in a Caucasian skin type III woman, as it has been rarely reported. Clinicians should be aware of this association also in subjects with phototype ≤III, as its recognition may be useful for diagnostic and prognostic purposes: the observation of LPPigm of the face may suggest to check for early FFA, and in case of FFA associated with FP, a poorer FFA prognosis may likely be expected.
2020
Dermoscopy
Facial papules
Frontal fibrosing alopecia
Hyperpigmentation
Lichen planus
Lichen planus pigmentosus
Quality of life
Scarring alopecia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/499551
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