Recent earthquakes have shown that the seismic behavior of noncode-conforming reinforced concrete buildings are in several cases strongly affected by the nonlinear response and possible failure of the beam-column joints. Beam-column joint inelasticity is typically due to either shear cracking and failure of the central concrete panel or bond-slip of the longitudinal steel bars. This paper proposes a new Joint with Hinges macro-element capable of simulating the most important sources of nonlinearities in the joints. It consists of a quadrilateral central panel whose rigid edges are connected to the beams’ and columns’ end nodes through nonlinear finite-length interfaces that represent the plastic hinge zones. The central panel deforms in shear only. The joint macro-element accounts for the nonlinear shear response of the central panel, for the bond-slip of the longitudinal rebars crossing the joint and for the nonlinear shear and flexural behavior of the plastic hinge zones of the beams and columns connected to the joint. The resulting model of the reinforced concrete frame is the assembly of nonlinear Joint with Hinges macro-elements connected by elastic frame elements. The proposed formulation is applied in this paper to plane frames. Validation studies with results from available experimental tests on beam-column joint subassemblages show the proposed model capability to predict the hysteretic responses and the failure mechanisms of connections with unreinforced joints and different beam reinforcement ratios.

A 2D beam-column joint macro-element for the nonlinear analysis of RC frames

Caddemi S.
Secondo
Conceptualization
;
Calio I.
Penultimo
Conceptualization
;
2021

Abstract

Recent earthquakes have shown that the seismic behavior of noncode-conforming reinforced concrete buildings are in several cases strongly affected by the nonlinear response and possible failure of the beam-column joints. Beam-column joint inelasticity is typically due to either shear cracking and failure of the central concrete panel or bond-slip of the longitudinal steel bars. This paper proposes a new Joint with Hinges macro-element capable of simulating the most important sources of nonlinearities in the joints. It consists of a quadrilateral central panel whose rigid edges are connected to the beams’ and columns’ end nodes through nonlinear finite-length interfaces that represent the plastic hinge zones. The central panel deforms in shear only. The joint macro-element accounts for the nonlinear shear response of the central panel, for the bond-slip of the longitudinal rebars crossing the joint and for the nonlinear shear and flexural behavior of the plastic hinge zones of the beams and columns connected to the joint. The resulting model of the reinforced concrete frame is the assembly of nonlinear Joint with Hinges macro-elements connected by elastic frame elements. The proposed formulation is applied in this paper to plane frames. Validation studies with results from available experimental tests on beam-column joint subassemblages show the proposed model capability to predict the hysteretic responses and the failure mechanisms of connections with unreinforced joints and different beam reinforcement ratios.
beam-column joint
bond-slip
fiber section
joint element
macro-modeling
reinforced-concrete frame
seismic behavior
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/501369
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