INTRODUCTION: Abdominal pain (AP) is one of the most frequent clinical condition observed in elderly patients. The differential diagnosis is wide and definitive diagnosis is often difficult due to delayed symptoms, altered laboratory parameters, pre-existing medical disorders, abuse of drugs and in absence of an accurate medical history. EVIDENCE ACQUI SITION: A systematic literature review was carried out through PubMed database for studies published in the last ten years. The following search string was used: {("geriatric"[Title] OR "older"[Title] OR "aged"[Title] OR "elderly"[Title]) AND ((("abdomen"[Title] AND "acute"[Title]) OR "acute abdomen"[Title] OR ("acute"[Title] AND "abdomen"[Title])) OR ("abdominal"[Title] AND "pain"[title]) OR "abdominal pain"[Title])}. Full articles and abstracts were included. Case reports, commentaries, editorials and letters were excluded from the analysis. EVIDENCE SYNTHE SIS: As the age of people presenting AP advances, both rates of surgical procedures and mortality rate increase. CONCLUSIONS: A systematic approach based on the organization of differential diagnoses into categories, may provide a helpful framework by the combined use of history-taking, physical examination, and results of diagnostic studies. In elderly patients admitted to the emergency department, a crucial role is played by a prompt use of radiological investigations in order to discriminate between older subjects admitted to the emergency department with abdominal pain and pathological cases requiring immediate surgical treatment.

Acute abdominal pain in older adults: A clinical and diagnostic challenge

Biondi A.;Basile F.;Vacante M.
2020

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Abdominal pain (AP) is one of the most frequent clinical condition observed in elderly patients. The differential diagnosis is wide and definitive diagnosis is often difficult due to delayed symptoms, altered laboratory parameters, pre-existing medical disorders, abuse of drugs and in absence of an accurate medical history. EVIDENCE ACQUI SITION: A systematic literature review was carried out through PubMed database for studies published in the last ten years. The following search string was used: {("geriatric"[Title] OR "older"[Title] OR "aged"[Title] OR "elderly"[Title]) AND ((("abdomen"[Title] AND "acute"[Title]) OR "acute abdomen"[Title] OR ("acute"[Title] AND "abdomen"[Title])) OR ("abdominal"[Title] AND "pain"[title]) OR "abdominal pain"[Title])}. Full articles and abstracts were included. Case reports, commentaries, editorials and letters were excluded from the analysis. EVIDENCE SYNTHE SIS: As the age of people presenting AP advances, both rates of surgical procedures and mortality rate increase. CONCLUSIONS: A systematic approach based on the organization of differential diagnoses into categories, may provide a helpful framework by the combined use of history-taking, physical examination, and results of diagnostic studies. In elderly patients admitted to the emergency department, a crucial role is played by a prompt use of radiological investigations in order to discriminate between older subjects admitted to the emergency department with abdominal pain and pathological cases requiring immediate surgical treatment.
Abdominal pain
Acute abdomen
Aged
Diagnosis
Operative surgical procedures
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/503633
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