To investigate the role of diffuse pulmonary ossification (DPO) in disease severity in a population of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF) patients. This retrospective study was carried out on 95 IPF patients-44 with DPO on high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) and 51 with no calcifications detected on HRCT. Pulmonary Function Tests (PFTs) acquired nearest to the HRCT were collected. Images were analyzed by two radiologists using a qualitative method, based on HRCT fibrosis visual score, and using a quantitative method, based on histogram-based analysis. The Spearman's rank correlation coefficient was used to measure the strength and direction of the linear relationship between HRCT fibrosis score and PFTs; in addition, Spearman's rank correlation coefficient was used to explore the relationships between HRCT fibrosis score and quantitative index and between quantitative indexes and PFTs. A weak correlation between HRCT fibrosis score and PFTs was proven (r =-0.014 and p = 0.9347 for FVC (Forced Vital Capacity), r = -0.379 and p = 0.0174 for DLCO (Carbon monoxide diffusing capacity)). We found a moderate negative correlation between HRCT fibrosis score and kurtosis (r = -0.448, p = 0.004272) and skewness (r = -0.463, p = 0.003019) and a weak positive correlation with High Attenuation Area (HAA)% (r = 0.362, p = 0.0235). Moreover, a moderate linear correlation between Quantitative Indexes and FVC (r = 0.577, p = 0.000051 for kurtosis and FVC, r = 0.598, p = 0.000023 for skewness and FVC, r = -0.519, p = 0.0000364 for HAA% and FVC) and between quantitative indexes and DLCO (r = 0.469, p = 0.001508 for kurtosis, and DLCO, r = 0.474, p = 0.001309 for skewness and DLCO, r = -0.412, p = 0.005996 for HAA% and DLCO) was revealed. To better investigate the influence of DPO in disease progression, a longitudinal evaluation should be performed.

Quantitative Evaluation of Fibrosis in IPF Patients: Meaning of Diffuse Pulmonary Ossification

Palermo, Monica;Distefano, Giulio;Vancheri, Ada;Pino, Fabio;Foti, Pietro Valerio;Sambataro, Gianluca;Vancheri, Carlo;Palmucci, Stefano;Basile, Antonio
2021-01-01

Abstract

To investigate the role of diffuse pulmonary ossification (DPO) in disease severity in a population of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF) patients. This retrospective study was carried out on 95 IPF patients-44 with DPO on high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) and 51 with no calcifications detected on HRCT. Pulmonary Function Tests (PFTs) acquired nearest to the HRCT were collected. Images were analyzed by two radiologists using a qualitative method, based on HRCT fibrosis visual score, and using a quantitative method, based on histogram-based analysis. The Spearman's rank correlation coefficient was used to measure the strength and direction of the linear relationship between HRCT fibrosis score and PFTs; in addition, Spearman's rank correlation coefficient was used to explore the relationships between HRCT fibrosis score and quantitative index and between quantitative indexes and PFTs. A weak correlation between HRCT fibrosis score and PFTs was proven (r =-0.014 and p = 0.9347 for FVC (Forced Vital Capacity), r = -0.379 and p = 0.0174 for DLCO (Carbon monoxide diffusing capacity)). We found a moderate negative correlation between HRCT fibrosis score and kurtosis (r = -0.448, p = 0.004272) and skewness (r = -0.463, p = 0.003019) and a weak positive correlation with High Attenuation Area (HAA)% (r = 0.362, p = 0.0235). Moreover, a moderate linear correlation between Quantitative Indexes and FVC (r = 0.577, p = 0.000051 for kurtosis and FVC, r = 0.598, p = 0.000023 for skewness and FVC, r = -0.519, p = 0.0000364 for HAA% and FVC) and between quantitative indexes and DLCO (r = 0.469, p = 0.001508 for kurtosis, and DLCO, r = 0.474, p = 0.001309 for skewness and DLCO, r = -0.412, p = 0.005996 for HAA% and DLCO) was revealed. To better investigate the influence of DPO in disease progression, a longitudinal evaluation should be performed.
2021
HRCT
IPF
fibrosis
histogram-based analysis
interstitial lung diseases
kurtosis
lung diseases
pulmonary ossification
quantification
visual score
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/504410
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