Background and Objectives: To retrospectively assess the value of magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) parameters derived from conventional and diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) sequences to differentiate fibrotic strictures from inflammatory ones in adult patients with Crohn's disease (CD), using surgical specimens as the histopathological reference standard. Material and Methods: Twenty-three patients with CD who had undergone surgical resection of ileal strictures with full-thickness histopathologic analysis within 3 months from preoperative MRE were included. Two radiologists blinded to histopathology in consensus evaluated the following biomarkers on MRE images matched to resected pathological specimens: T1 ratio, T2 ratio, enhancement pattern, mural thickness, pre-stenotic luminal diameter, and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC). A blinded pathologist graded stricture histological specimens with acute inflammation score (AIS) and fibrosis score (FS). MRE measurements were correlated with the reference standard. Results: Inflammation and fibrosis coexisted in 78.3% of patients. T2 ratio was reduced in patients with severe fibrosis (p = 0.01). Pre-stenotic bowel dilatation positively correlated with FS (p = 0.002). The ADC value negatively correlated with FS (p < 0.001) and was different between FS grades (p < 0.05). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for discriminating between none and mild/moderate-severe bowel wall fibrosis was 0.75 for pre-stenotic bowel dilatation (sensitivity 100%, specificity 44.4%) and 0.97 for ADC (sensitivity 80%, specificity 100%). Conclusions: Inflammation and fibrosis often coexist in CD bowel strictures needing surgery. The combination of parameters derived from conventional MR sequences (T2 ratio, pre-stenotic dilatation) and from DWI (ADC) may provide a contribution to detect and grade bowel fibrosis in adult CD patients.

Can Conventional and Diffusion-Weighted MR Enterography Biomarkers Differentiate Inflammatory from Fibrotic Strictures in Crohn's Disease?

Foti, Pietro Valerio;Travali, Mario;Farina, Renato;Palmucci, Stefano;Coronella, Maria;Spatola, Corrado;Puzzo, Lidia;Garro, Rossella;Inserra, Gaetano;Riguccio, Gaia;Zanoli, Luca;Basile, Antonio
2021

Abstract

Background and Objectives: To retrospectively assess the value of magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) parameters derived from conventional and diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) sequences to differentiate fibrotic strictures from inflammatory ones in adult patients with Crohn's disease (CD), using surgical specimens as the histopathological reference standard. Material and Methods: Twenty-three patients with CD who had undergone surgical resection of ileal strictures with full-thickness histopathologic analysis within 3 months from preoperative MRE were included. Two radiologists blinded to histopathology in consensus evaluated the following biomarkers on MRE images matched to resected pathological specimens: T1 ratio, T2 ratio, enhancement pattern, mural thickness, pre-stenotic luminal diameter, and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC). A blinded pathologist graded stricture histological specimens with acute inflammation score (AIS) and fibrosis score (FS). MRE measurements were correlated with the reference standard. Results: Inflammation and fibrosis coexisted in 78.3% of patients. T2 ratio was reduced in patients with severe fibrosis (p = 0.01). Pre-stenotic bowel dilatation positively correlated with FS (p = 0.002). The ADC value negatively correlated with FS (p < 0.001) and was different between FS grades (p < 0.05). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for discriminating between none and mild/moderate-severe bowel wall fibrosis was 0.75 for pre-stenotic bowel dilatation (sensitivity 100%, specificity 44.4%) and 0.97 for ADC (sensitivity 80%, specificity 100%). Conclusions: Inflammation and fibrosis often coexist in CD bowel strictures needing surgery. The combination of parameters derived from conventional MR sequences (T2 ratio, pre-stenotic dilatation) and from DWI (ADC) may provide a contribution to detect and grade bowel fibrosis in adult CD patients.
Crohn’s disease
apparent diffusion coefficient
diffusion weighted imaging
fibrosis
magnetic resonance enterography
magnetic resonance imaging
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/506869
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