Aim of the study: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) can cause a chronic liver infection which could then develop into fibrosis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Today the diagnosis of liver fibrosis also includes the use of biomarkers. The purpose of our study was to determine the ability of the fibrosis index based on four factors (FIB-4) and aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio (APRI) to predict the severity of liver fibrosis or cirrhosis. Material and methods: Medical records of 106 patients with HCV-related liver fibrosis were analyzed. All patients underwent clinical examination, blood tests (complete blood count, total bilirubin, etc.) and transient elastography. FIB-4 and APRI were calculated for each patient. Results: Twenty-six patients (24.52%) had F4 fibrosis, 80 patients (75.48%) had non-F4 fibrosis (F0-F3). There was a statistically significant difference (p < 0.05) between non-F4 fibrosis patients and F4 fibrosis patients in many parameters, including APRI (F4 fibrosis patients had higher values: 2.06 ±3.22 compared to 0.68 ±0.76 of the non-F4 group; p = 0.044) and FIB-4 (F4 fibrosis patients had higher values: 4.84 ±4.14 compared to 2.29 ±2.90 of the non-F4 group; p = 0.006). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis for APRI and FIB-4 revealed that the area under the curve (AUC) of FIB-4 was 0.855 (CI: 0.813-0.936), while the APRI score had an AUC of 0.767 (CI: 0.79-0.932). Conclusions: In this study, patients with severe fibrosis or cirrhosis were found to have a higher FIB-4 value than APRI in the context of chronic hepatitis C.
|Titolo:||FIB-4 and APRI scores for predicting severe liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis HCV patients: a monocentric retrospective study|
CATANZARO, Roberto (Primo) [Writing – Original Draft Preparation] (Corresponding)
ALEO, ALICE [Writing – Original Draft Preparation]
SCIUTO, MORENA [Writing – Original Draft Preparation]
ZANOLI, LUCA MARIA [Data Curation]
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|