We studied isotropization and thermalization of the quark-gluon plasma produced by decaying color-electric flux tubes created at the very early stages of relativistic heavy ion collisions. We coupled the dynamical evolution of the initial field, which decays to a plasma by the Schwinger mechanism, to the dynamics of the many particles system produced by the decay. The evolution of such a system is described by relativistic transport theory at fixed values of the viscosity over entropy density ratio. Within a single self-consistent calculation scheme we computed quantities which serve as indicators of the equilibration of the plasma for a 1+1 dimensional expanding geometry. We find that the initial color-electric field decays within 1 fm/c and particles production occurs in less than 1 fm/c; however, in the case of large viscosity oscillations of the field appear along the entire time evolution of the system, affecting also the behaviour of the ratio between longitudinal and transverse pressure. In case of small viscosity we find that the isotropization time is about 0.8 fm/c and the thermalization time is about 1 fm/c, in agreement with the common lore of hydrodynamic approaches.

Modeling early time dynamics of relativistic heavy ion collisions

PLUMARI, SALVATORE;GRECO, VINCENZO
2016

Abstract

We studied isotropization and thermalization of the quark-gluon plasma produced by decaying color-electric flux tubes created at the very early stages of relativistic heavy ion collisions. We coupled the dynamical evolution of the initial field, which decays to a plasma by the Schwinger mechanism, to the dynamics of the many particles system produced by the decay. The evolution of such a system is described by relativistic transport theory at fixed values of the viscosity over entropy density ratio. Within a single self-consistent calculation scheme we computed quantities which serve as indicators of the equilibration of the plasma for a 1+1 dimensional expanding geometry. We find that the initial color-electric field decays within 1 fm/c and particles production occurs in less than 1 fm/c; however, in the case of large viscosity oscillations of the field appear along the entire time evolution of the system, affecting also the behaviour of the ratio between longitudinal and transverse pressure. In case of small viscosity we find that the isotropization time is about 0.8 fm/c and the thermalization time is about 1 fm/c, in agreement with the common lore of hydrodynamic approaches.
Colliding beam accelerators, Electric fields, Heavy ions, Ion sources, Statistical mechanics, Viscosity.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/50801
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