Horizontal subsurface flow (HSSF) constructed wetlands (CWs) are widely adopted as a highly effective technique for stormwater treatment. However, the cumulative clogging phenomenon in HSSF is a complex and challenging operative issue affecting removal efficiencies and the lifespan of CWs. This paper aims to evaluate the reliability of a combined approach for assessing the occurrence of clogging and its potential spatial and temporal evolution in two pilot-scale HSSF-CW. The experimental CW system was fed with stormwater runoff from a parking area during the rainy season and sequential batch reactor (SBR) wastewater (WW) during the dry season. The falling head (FH) method and a drainage equation were used to determine the hydraulic conductivity at saturation (Ks) of the porous medium and investigate the hydraulic performance of the system. A residence time distribution (RTD) analysis was also performed to evaluate the hydraulic flow dynamics and define the crucial parameters characterising the CW. The applied hydraulic measurement techniques highlighted that clogging was in the initial stages of development after 2.5 years of operation, likely associated with the presence of a pond and the partial retention of total suspended solids (TSS) by the HSSF system. Overall, the good consistency in the results of the applied methods supports their future application for predicting the occurrence of clogging phenomena in HSSF CWs

Hydraulic performance of horizontal constructed wetlands for stormwater treatment: A pilot-scale study in the Mediterranean

Sacco, Alessandro;Cirelli, Giuseppe L;Ventura, Delia;Barbagallo, Salvatore;Licciardello, Feliciana
2021-01-01

Abstract

Horizontal subsurface flow (HSSF) constructed wetlands (CWs) are widely adopted as a highly effective technique for stormwater treatment. However, the cumulative clogging phenomenon in HSSF is a complex and challenging operative issue affecting removal efficiencies and the lifespan of CWs. This paper aims to evaluate the reliability of a combined approach for assessing the occurrence of clogging and its potential spatial and temporal evolution in two pilot-scale HSSF-CW. The experimental CW system was fed with stormwater runoff from a parking area during the rainy season and sequential batch reactor (SBR) wastewater (WW) during the dry season. The falling head (FH) method and a drainage equation were used to determine the hydraulic conductivity at saturation (Ks) of the porous medium and investigate the hydraulic performance of the system. A residence time distribution (RTD) analysis was also performed to evaluate the hydraulic flow dynamics and define the crucial parameters characterising the CW. The applied hydraulic measurement techniques highlighted that clogging was in the initial stages of development after 2.5 years of operation, likely associated with the presence of a pond and the partial retention of total suspended solids (TSS) by the HSSF system. Overall, the good consistency in the results of the applied methods supports their future application for predicting the occurrence of clogging phenomena in HSSF CWs
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/508697
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