The electrical efficiency of photovoltaic (PV) modules can be improved through the cooling of the PV. Among the passive cooling strategy, one of the most promising concerns the use of phase change materials (PCMs) to decrease the operative temperature of a PV panel. This paper investigates the performances of a conventional PV panel in which two organic PCMs are added (PV-PCM) to reduce the temperature rise of PV cells and consequently to increase the electrical performances. With this aim, unsteady numerical simulations have been carried with Ansys Fluent software using a two-dimensional simplified geometry for the PV modules with the PCM is incorporated (PV-PCM), as well as for the benchmark PV module. The numerical simulations have allowed evaluating the PV cell temperatures, the power production, as well the PCM thermal behavior. As regards this latter aspect the dynamic analysis has evidenced the need to extend the time of simulation at least for two days in such way to take into account of the degree of solidification achieved during the night by the PCM materials. PCM with low melting temperature cannot complete solidifying during the night and so the heat stored during the day will be lesser than the theoretical one. The results of this study pointed out that the PV-PCM units allow achieving higher performances in comparison with a conventional PV module, especially during the hottest months. An increase in the peak power of 10% and of 3.5% of the energy produced all year round is attained.

Numerical simulations of a PV module with phase change material (PV-PCM) under variable weather conditions

Aneli S.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Arena R.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Gagliano A.
Membro del Collaboration Group
2021-01-01

Abstract

The electrical efficiency of photovoltaic (PV) modules can be improved through the cooling of the PV. Among the passive cooling strategy, one of the most promising concerns the use of phase change materials (PCMs) to decrease the operative temperature of a PV panel. This paper investigates the performances of a conventional PV panel in which two organic PCMs are added (PV-PCM) to reduce the temperature rise of PV cells and consequently to increase the electrical performances. With this aim, unsteady numerical simulations have been carried with Ansys Fluent software using a two-dimensional simplified geometry for the PV modules with the PCM is incorporated (PV-PCM), as well as for the benchmark PV module. The numerical simulations have allowed evaluating the PV cell temperatures, the power production, as well the PCM thermal behavior. As regards this latter aspect the dynamic analysis has evidenced the need to extend the time of simulation at least for two days in such way to take into account of the degree of solidification achieved during the night by the PCM materials. PCM with low melting temperature cannot complete solidifying during the night and so the heat stored during the day will be lesser than the theoretical one. The results of this study pointed out that the PV-PCM units allow achieving higher performances in comparison with a conventional PV module, especially during the hottest months. An increase in the peak power of 10% and of 3.5% of the energy produced all year round is attained.
2021
Cells temperature
CFD
PCM
PV performances
Simulation
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
39.02_36.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Articolo principale
Tipologia: Versione Editoriale (PDF)
Dimensione 1.53 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.53 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/508762
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 13
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 12
social impact