Introduction: Lymphangioma is an abnormal proliferation of lymphatic vessels. Isolated splenic lymphangioma (SL) is rare; in the last 30 years only 22 cases were reported in the literature. Diagnosis is difficult by the absence of typical symptoms and signs. SL is often asymptomatic and occasionally detected through radiological exams or, after the onset of a life-threatening complication, at surgery or pathological examination. Surgery represents the treatment of choice. Presentation of case: A 22-year-old Caucasian male was admitted to the Emergency Department after a car accident, complaining of sudden onset, severe, left upper quadrant abdominal pain. Abdominal examination revealed mild abdominal distention and a severe abdominal pain on superficial and deep palpation of left upper abdominal quadrant with obvious muscle guarding and rebound tenderness. Abdominal computed tomography scan showed splenic rupture with hemoperitoneum. Laboratory tests reported severe anemia. The patient received blood transfusions and was taken emergently to the operating room for exploratory laparotomy, evacuation of hemoperitoneum and splenectomy. The postoperative course was uneventful, the patient was discharged on the 7th post-operative day. Diagnosis of microcystic SL was made at pathological examination. Discussion: Post-traumatic splenic rupture may be favored by the presence of a unknown and asymptomatic isolated SL. Although different types of treatment of SL are reported in the literature, splenectomy represents the treatment of choice to avoid complications. Conclusion: Isolated SL is difficult to diagnose and suspect because of lack of pathognomonic symptoms and specific diagnostic signs. It can be diagnosed after the onset of a life-threatening complication. Splenectomy is the preferable definitive treatment.

Hemorrhagic shock from post-traumatic rupture of microcystic splenic lymphangioma: A case report and review of the literature

Brancato G.;Evola F. R.;Basile G.
2020

Abstract

Introduction: Lymphangioma is an abnormal proliferation of lymphatic vessels. Isolated splenic lymphangioma (SL) is rare; in the last 30 years only 22 cases were reported in the literature. Diagnosis is difficult by the absence of typical symptoms and signs. SL is often asymptomatic and occasionally detected through radiological exams or, after the onset of a life-threatening complication, at surgery or pathological examination. Surgery represents the treatment of choice. Presentation of case: A 22-year-old Caucasian male was admitted to the Emergency Department after a car accident, complaining of sudden onset, severe, left upper quadrant abdominal pain. Abdominal examination revealed mild abdominal distention and a severe abdominal pain on superficial and deep palpation of left upper abdominal quadrant with obvious muscle guarding and rebound tenderness. Abdominal computed tomography scan showed splenic rupture with hemoperitoneum. Laboratory tests reported severe anemia. The patient received blood transfusions and was taken emergently to the operating room for exploratory laparotomy, evacuation of hemoperitoneum and splenectomy. The postoperative course was uneventful, the patient was discharged on the 7th post-operative day. Diagnosis of microcystic SL was made at pathological examination. Discussion: Post-traumatic splenic rupture may be favored by the presence of a unknown and asymptomatic isolated SL. Although different types of treatment of SL are reported in the literature, splenectomy represents the treatment of choice to avoid complications. Conclusion: Isolated SL is difficult to diagnose and suspect because of lack of pathognomonic symptoms and specific diagnostic signs. It can be diagnosed after the onset of a life-threatening complication. Splenectomy is the preferable definitive treatment.
Case report
Cystic lymphangioma
Hemorrhagic shock
Spleen
Splenectomy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/510651
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