This study investigated the relationship of illness beliefs with perceived physical health and fatigue among persons with multiple sclerosis. Besides direct effects between illness beliefs and outcome measures, the mediational role of coping strategies and social support was examined. Six hundred and eighty persons with multiple sclerosis completed the Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire evaluating illness beliefs; the Brief COPE measuring problem-focused, meaning-focused, and avoidant strategies; the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support assessing social support; MS Quality of Life-54 investigating perceived physical health; and the Fatigue Severity Scale assessing physical fatigue. Mediation analyses were performed controlling for disability level. Direct effects were identified for both perceived physical health and fatigue, whereas indirect effects were observed only for physical health through avoidant strategies and social support. Based on present findings, psychological intervention may primarily target illness beliefs to address fatigue, and beliefs and coping strategies to improve perceived physical health.

The Contribution of Illness Beliefs, Coping Strategies, and Social Support to Perceived Physical Health and Fatigue in Multiple Sclerosis

Patti F.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

This study investigated the relationship of illness beliefs with perceived physical health and fatigue among persons with multiple sclerosis. Besides direct effects between illness beliefs and outcome measures, the mediational role of coping strategies and social support was examined. Six hundred and eighty persons with multiple sclerosis completed the Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire evaluating illness beliefs; the Brief COPE measuring problem-focused, meaning-focused, and avoidant strategies; the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support assessing social support; MS Quality of Life-54 investigating perceived physical health; and the Fatigue Severity Scale assessing physical fatigue. Mediation analyses were performed controlling for disability level. Direct effects were identified for both perceived physical health and fatigue, whereas indirect effects were observed only for physical health through avoidant strategies and social support. Based on present findings, psychological intervention may primarily target illness beliefs to address fatigue, and beliefs and coping strategies to improve perceived physical health.
2021
Coping strategies
Fatigue
Health-related quality of life
Illness beliefs
Multiple sclerosis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/510723
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