Patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and periodontitis (PT) show shared risk factors as result of the altered molecular mechanisms associated with pathological conditions. The aim of our study was to evaluate if the plasma biomarkers associated with endothelial dysfunction may also be related to alterations in the inflammatory status in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Patients with PT, coronary heart disease (CHD), or both diseases as well as controls were enrolled. Plasma levels of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), 3-nitrotyrosine (NT), and asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) were assessed using HPLC. mRNA levels of caspase-1 (CASP1), NLR family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in PBMC from the recruited subjects were quantified using real-time PCR. Patients with PT + CHD showed lower CoQ10 plasma levels and increased concentrations of NT in comparison to healthy subjects. ADMA levels were higher in CHD and PT + CHD patients compared to controls. Transcript levels of CASP1, NLRP3, and TNF-α were up-regulated in PBMC from all patient groups when compared to healthy subjects. Our results suggest a possible causal link between oxidative stress, high levels of NT and ADMA, and inflammasome activation, which may be involved in the endothelial inflammatory dysfunction leading to the pathogenesis and progression of CHD in PT patients.

Changes in the biomarkers of oxidative/nitrosative stress and endothelial dysfunction are associated with cardiovascular risk in periodontitis patients

Isola G.
Conceptualization
;
Maggio S.;Trovato-Salinaro A.;Caccamo D.;Ientile R.
Ultimo
2021-01-01

Abstract

Patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and periodontitis (PT) show shared risk factors as result of the altered molecular mechanisms associated with pathological conditions. The aim of our study was to evaluate if the plasma biomarkers associated with endothelial dysfunction may also be related to alterations in the inflammatory status in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Patients with PT, coronary heart disease (CHD), or both diseases as well as controls were enrolled. Plasma levels of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), 3-nitrotyrosine (NT), and asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) were assessed using HPLC. mRNA levels of caspase-1 (CASP1), NLR family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in PBMC from the recruited subjects were quantified using real-time PCR. Patients with PT + CHD showed lower CoQ10 plasma levels and increased concentrations of NT in comparison to healthy subjects. ADMA levels were higher in CHD and PT + CHD patients compared to controls. Transcript levels of CASP1, NLRP3, and TNF-α were up-regulated in PBMC from all patient groups when compared to healthy subjects. Our results suggest a possible causal link between oxidative stress, high levels of NT and ADMA, and inflammasome activation, which may be involved in the endothelial inflammatory dysfunction leading to the pathogenesis and progression of CHD in PT patients.
2021
3-nitrotyrosine (NT)
Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA)
Cardiovascular disease
Coen-zyme Q10 (CoQ10)
Inflammasome
Periodontitis (PT)
Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/511024
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