Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) is a hematological disorder characterized by the clonal expansion of a hematopoietic stem cell carrying the Philadelphia chromosome that juxtaposes the BCR and ABL1 genes. The ensuing BCR-ABL1 chimeric oncogene is characterized by a breakpoint region that generally involves exons 1, 13 or 14 in BCR and exon 2 in ABL1. Additional breakpoint regions, generating uncommon BCR-ABL1 fusion transcripts, have been detected in various CML patients. However, to date, the impact of these infrequent transcripts on BCR-ABL1-dependent leukemogenesis and sensitivity to tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) remain unclear. We analyzed the transforming potential and TKIs responsiveness of three atypical BCR-ABL1 fusions identified in CML patients, and of two additional BCR-ABL1 constructs with lab-engineered breakpoints. We observed that modifications in the DC2 domain of BCR and SH3 region of ABL1 affect BCR-ABL1 catalytic efficiency and leukemogenic ability. Moreover, employing immortalized cell lines and primary CD34-positive progenitors, we demonstrate that these modifications lead to reduced BCR-ABL1 sensitivity to imatinib, dasatinib and ponatinib but not nilotinib. We conclude that BCR-ABL1 oncoproteins displaying uncommon breakpoints involving the DC2 and SH3 domains are successfully inhibited by nilotinib treatment.

Impact of the Breakpoint Region on the Leukemogenic Potential and the TKI Responsiveness of Atypical BCR-ABL1 Transcripts

Massimino M.;Stella S.;Manzella L.;Pennisi M. S.;Romano C.;Vitale S. R.;Puma A.;Di Raimondo F.;Vigneri P.
2021

Abstract

Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) is a hematological disorder characterized by the clonal expansion of a hematopoietic stem cell carrying the Philadelphia chromosome that juxtaposes the BCR and ABL1 genes. The ensuing BCR-ABL1 chimeric oncogene is characterized by a breakpoint region that generally involves exons 1, 13 or 14 in BCR and exon 2 in ABL1. Additional breakpoint regions, generating uncommon BCR-ABL1 fusion transcripts, have been detected in various CML patients. However, to date, the impact of these infrequent transcripts on BCR-ABL1-dependent leukemogenesis and sensitivity to tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) remain unclear. We analyzed the transforming potential and TKIs responsiveness of three atypical BCR-ABL1 fusions identified in CML patients, and of two additional BCR-ABL1 constructs with lab-engineered breakpoints. We observed that modifications in the DC2 domain of BCR and SH3 region of ABL1 affect BCR-ABL1 catalytic efficiency and leukemogenic ability. Moreover, employing immortalized cell lines and primary CD34-positive progenitors, we demonstrate that these modifications lead to reduced BCR-ABL1 sensitivity to imatinib, dasatinib and ponatinib but not nilotinib. We conclude that BCR-ABL1 oncoproteins displaying uncommon breakpoints involving the DC2 and SH3 domains are successfully inhibited by nilotinib treatment.
BCR-ABL1 fusion transcripts
CML
DC2
nilotinib
SH3
TKIs
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/511254
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