By introducing a functional of the reduced density matrix, we generalize the definition of a quantum entropy which incorporates the indistinguishability principle of a system of identical particles. With the present definition, the principle of quantum maximum entropy permits us to solve the closure problem for a quantum hydrodynamic set of balance equations corresponding to an arbitrary number of moments in the framework of extended thermodynamics. The determination of the reduced Wigner function for equilibrium and nonequilibrium conditions is found to become possible only by assuming that the Lagrange multipliers can be expanded in powers of ℏ^2. Quantum contributions are expressed in powers of ℏ^2 while classical results are recovered in the limit ℏ→0.
|Titolo:||Quantum maximum entropy priciple for a system of identical particles|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|