Nanostructures of Cu2O/CuO hydroxide suitable for the electrochemical determination of glucose are obtained by solid-state dewetting of CuO layers 6, 8, and 31 nm thin deposited by sputtering onto 240 μm-thick graphene paper. Solid-state dewetting in nitrogen produces a partial decomposition of CuO into Cu2O and Cu. X-ray diffraction patterns reveal the presence of high-index crystallographic facets, which are reactive and useful toward glucose oxidation to gluconolactone. Typically, morphology studied by scanning electron microscopy reveals faceted nanoparticles with an average size below 200 nm. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy shows that the nanostructure surfaces of Cu2O and metallic copper exposed to natural ambient are promptly reoxidized and hydroxidized to a mixture of CuO and Cu(OH)2. Electrochemical characterization in amperometric mode reveals linear response to glucose concentration in the range from 50 to 10 × 10−3 m, sensitivity up to 83 μA cm−2 mm −1, and limit of detection up to 3.6 × 10−6 m. Good combination of low cost and simplicity of preparation with low limit of detection, high sensitivity, and wide linear range makes the proposed electrodes suitable for a variety of applications ranging from health to food and beverage industries.

Solid-State Fabrication of Cu2O/CuO Hydroxide Nanoelectrode Array onto Graphene Paper by Thermal Dewetting for High-Sensitive Detection of Glucose

Scandurra A.
;
Censabella M.;Boscarino S.;Grimaldi M. G.;Ruffino F.
;
Condorelli G. G.;Malandrino G.
2021

Abstract

Nanostructures of Cu2O/CuO hydroxide suitable for the electrochemical determination of glucose are obtained by solid-state dewetting of CuO layers 6, 8, and 31 nm thin deposited by sputtering onto 240 μm-thick graphene paper. Solid-state dewetting in nitrogen produces a partial decomposition of CuO into Cu2O and Cu. X-ray diffraction patterns reveal the presence of high-index crystallographic facets, which are reactive and useful toward glucose oxidation to gluconolactone. Typically, morphology studied by scanning electron microscopy reveals faceted nanoparticles with an average size below 200 nm. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy shows that the nanostructure surfaces of Cu2O and metallic copper exposed to natural ambient are promptly reoxidized and hydroxidized to a mixture of CuO and Cu(OH)2. Electrochemical characterization in amperometric mode reveals linear response to glucose concentration in the range from 50 to 10 × 10−3 m, sensitivity up to 83 μA cm−2 mm −1, and limit of detection up to 3.6 × 10−6 m. Good combination of low cost and simplicity of preparation with low limit of detection, high sensitivity, and wide linear range makes the proposed electrodes suitable for a variety of applications ranging from health to food and beverage industries.
copper oxides
dewetting
glucose electrochemical sensing
nanoelectrodes
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/511633
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