Introduction: The availability of new pharmacological and surgical options is responsible for important changes in the management of symptomatic benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH). The Sicilian-Calabrian Society of Urology performed a retrospective survey to assess the management of BPH in southern Italy in 1997 and 1998. Patients and Methods:A 3-page questionnaire was sent to the 36 urological units of these two regions. The real number of patients treated was required. The numbers were checked with data obtained from the Health Regional Offices. Results: Twenty-six urological units (72.3%) replied. Almost all patients underwent urinalysis, determination of serum prostate-specific antigen and creatinine levels, and renal and postvoid vesical echography. Uroflowmetry was performed in 69% and transrectal ultrasound in 56% of the patients. International Prostate Symptom Score or other symptom scores were used in 36% of the cases. Out of 31,558 patients with symptomatic BPH, 5,636 were surgically treated. Admission was due to acute urinary retention in 1,324 cases (23.5%). Transurethral resection of the prostate was the commonest procedure, accounting for 59.5% of the interventions. Open prostatectomy was performed in 1,804 patients (32%). Minimally invasive therapies accounted for less than 9% of the treatments. Conclusions: The present survey provides a picture of the current surgical practice in BPH in southern Italy in the late 1990s. Symptom scores are not routinely adopted. The low rate of transurethral prostate resections is in keeping with the worldwide decline. On the contrary, a high rate of open prostatectomies has been detected. Copyright (C) 2003 S. Karger AG, Basel.
|Titolo:||Management of symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia in Southern Italy: A retrospective analysis of the Sicilian-Calabrian Society of Urology (SSCU) of 32,000 patients|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|