Locally advanced gastric adenocarcinomas have a poor prognosis, particularly when the tumours are bulky, located in the cardia or when they present local/regional lymph node involvement. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy for locally advanced gastric cancer is an experimental treatment strategy that may increase resectability and improve survival in patients suffering from an almost uniformly fatal neoplasm. At our institution 11 patients younger than 70 years of age in good physical and mental condition with non-resectable adenocarcinomas of the stomach as determined by endoscopy, computed tomography scans and pathology examinations, were treated with combination chemotherapy [5-fluorouracil (375 mg/m2 i.v. for 5 days, epirubicin (60 mg/m2 i.v. on day 1), etoposide 80 mg/m2 on days 1, 2 and 3, leucovorin 100 mg/m2 for 5 days] every 4 weeks as neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The response to chemotherapy was evaluated after three courses. After three courses, we had one complete response, 8 partial responses or stable disease, and no response in two cases. One patient was still alive 36 months postoperatively. These preliminary results suggest that this protocol is an effective form of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for locally advanced gastric carcinoma.

Systemic neoadjuvant chemotherapy in locally advanced gastric carcinoma: phase II study with 5-fluorouracil, epirubicin and etoposide [Chemioterapia adiuvante sistemica nel carcinoma gastrico localmente avanzato: studio in fase II con 5-fluorouracile, epirubicina ed etoposide]

MIGLIORE, Marcello;CARDI', Francesco
2000

Abstract

Locally advanced gastric adenocarcinomas have a poor prognosis, particularly when the tumours are bulky, located in the cardia or when they present local/regional lymph node involvement. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy for locally advanced gastric cancer is an experimental treatment strategy that may increase resectability and improve survival in patients suffering from an almost uniformly fatal neoplasm. At our institution 11 patients younger than 70 years of age in good physical and mental condition with non-resectable adenocarcinomas of the stomach as determined by endoscopy, computed tomography scans and pathology examinations, were treated with combination chemotherapy [5-fluorouracil (375 mg/m2 i.v. for 5 days, epirubicin (60 mg/m2 i.v. on day 1), etoposide 80 mg/m2 on days 1, 2 and 3, leucovorin 100 mg/m2 for 5 days] every 4 weeks as neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The response to chemotherapy was evaluated after three courses. After three courses, we had one complete response, 8 partial responses or stable disease, and no response in two cases. One patient was still alive 36 months postoperatively. These preliminary results suggest that this protocol is an effective form of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for locally advanced gastric carcinoma.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/51643
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