Although many potential applications in early clinical diagnosis have been proposed, the use of a surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRI) technique for non-invasive prenatal diagnostic approaches based on maternal blood analysis is confined. Here, we report a nanoparticle-enhanced SPRI strategy for a non-invasive prenatal fetal sex determination based on the detection of a Y-chromosome specific sequence (single-gene SRY) in cell-free fetal DNA from maternal plasma. The SPR assay proposed here allows for detection of male DNA in mixtures of 2.5 aM male and female genomic DNAs with no preliminary amplification of the DNA target sequence, thus establishing an analytical protocol that does not require costly, time-consuming, and prone to sample contamination PCR-based procedures. Afterward, the developed protocol was successfully applied to reveal male cell-free fetal DNA in the plasma of pregnant women at different gestational ages, including early gestational ages. This approach would pave the way for the establishment of faster and cost-effective non-invasive prenatal testing.

Nanoparticle-Enhanced Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging Enables the Ultrasensitive Detection of Non-Amplified Cell-Free Fetal DNA for Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing

Calcagno, Marzia;D'Agata, Roberta
;
Bellassai, Noemi;Spoto, Giuseppe
2021-01-01

Abstract

Although many potential applications in early clinical diagnosis have been proposed, the use of a surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRI) technique for non-invasive prenatal diagnostic approaches based on maternal blood analysis is confined. Here, we report a nanoparticle-enhanced SPRI strategy for a non-invasive prenatal fetal sex determination based on the detection of a Y-chromosome specific sequence (single-gene SRY) in cell-free fetal DNA from maternal plasma. The SPR assay proposed here allows for detection of male DNA in mixtures of 2.5 aM male and female genomic DNAs with no preliminary amplification of the DNA target sequence, thus establishing an analytical protocol that does not require costly, time-consuming, and prone to sample contamination PCR-based procedures. Afterward, the developed protocol was successfully applied to reveal male cell-free fetal DNA in the plasma of pregnant women at different gestational ages, including early gestational ages. This approach would pave the way for the establishment of faster and cost-effective non-invasive prenatal testing.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/517809
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