The G to A single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), at position -376, -308 and -238 in the promoter of the tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF) gene, have been independently correlated with numerous diseases. Alleles TNF-376A and TNF-238A are normally found throughout the world with very low frequencies. We investigated the frequency of these SNPs in Sicilian subjects hospitalized after traumatic brain injury and in three groups of subjects from northern Sardinia: healthy subjects and individuals with multiple sclerosis or ischemic stroke. While no significant difference was found between healthy and disease subjects, the frequency of TNF-376A and TNF-238A was elevated up to 10 times in Sardinia compared to Sicily and other populations throughout the world. These elevated frequencies may be the result of genetic drift or of selective pressure on TNF itself or on neighboring genes, including the HLA. Malaria, endemic to Sardinia until the end of the 1940s, and the bubonic plague, are among the possible causes of selection. These findings indicate that Sardinia is an ideal location to further elucidate the correlation between TNF or HLA polymorphisms and diseases, including multiple sclerosis and type-l diabetes, present with an unusually high frequency and co-morbidity in Sardinia.
|Titolo:||High frequency of TNF alleles -238A and -376A in individuals from northern Sardinia. Cytokine 26(4):149-54|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|