Heavy Ion Collisions (HIC) represent a unique tool to probe the in-medium nuclear interaction in regions away from saturation. In this report, we present a selection of new reaction observables in dissipative collisions particularly sensitive to the symmetry term of the nuclear Equation of State (Iso-EoS). We will first discuss the Isospin Equilibration Dynamics. At low energies, this manifests via the recently observed Dynamical Dipole Radiation, due to a collective neutron-proton oscillation, with the symmetry term acting as a restoring force. At higher beam energies, Iso-EoS effects will be seen in Imbalance Ratio Measurements, in particular from the correlations with the total kinetic energy loss. For fragmentation reactions in central events, we suggest to look at the coupling between isospin distillation and radial flow. In Neck Fragmentation reactions, important Iso-EoS information can be obtained from the correlation between isospin content and alignment. The high density symmetry term can be probed from isospin effects on heavy ion reactions at relativistic energies (few AGeV range). Rather, isospin sensitive observables are proposed from nucleon/cluster emissions, collective flows and meson production. The possibility to shed light on the controversial neutron/proton effective mass splitting in asymmetric matter is also suggested. A large symmetry repulsion at high baryon density will also lead to an "earlier" had ron-deconfinement transition in n-rich matter. A suitable treatment of the isovector interaction in the partonic EoS appears very relevant. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. RI Baran, Virgil/A-8259-2011

Isospin dynamics in heavy ion collisions: From Coulomb barrier to quark gluon plasma

GRECO, VINCENZO;PLUMARI, SALVATORE;
2009

Abstract

Heavy Ion Collisions (HIC) represent a unique tool to probe the in-medium nuclear interaction in regions away from saturation. In this report, we present a selection of new reaction observables in dissipative collisions particularly sensitive to the symmetry term of the nuclear Equation of State (Iso-EoS). We will first discuss the Isospin Equilibration Dynamics. At low energies, this manifests via the recently observed Dynamical Dipole Radiation, due to a collective neutron-proton oscillation, with the symmetry term acting as a restoring force. At higher beam energies, Iso-EoS effects will be seen in Imbalance Ratio Measurements, in particular from the correlations with the total kinetic energy loss. For fragmentation reactions in central events, we suggest to look at the coupling between isospin distillation and radial flow. In Neck Fragmentation reactions, important Iso-EoS information can be obtained from the correlation between isospin content and alignment. The high density symmetry term can be probed from isospin effects on heavy ion reactions at relativistic energies (few AGeV range). Rather, isospin sensitive observables are proposed from nucleon/cluster emissions, collective flows and meson production. The possibility to shed light on the controversial neutron/proton effective mass splitting in asymmetric matter is also suggested. A large symmetry repulsion at high baryon density will also lead to an "earlier" had ron-deconfinement transition in n-rich matter. A suitable treatment of the isovector interaction in the partonic EoS appears very relevant. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. RI Baran, Virgil/A-8259-2011
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/52444
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