A current-controlled CMOS ring oscillator topology, which exploits the bulk voltages of the inverter stages as control terminals to tune the oscillation frequency, is proposed and analyzed. The solution can be adopted in sub-1 V applications, as it exploits MOSFETS in the subthreshold regime. Oscillators made up of 3, 5, and 7 stages designed in a standard 28-nm technology and supplied by 0.5 V, were simulated. By exploiting a programmable capacitor array, it allows a very large range of oscillation frequencies to be set, from 1 MHz to about 1 GHz, with a limited current consumption. Considering, for example, the five-stage topology, a nominal oscillation frequency of 516 MHz is obtained with an average power dissipation of about 29 µW. The solution provides a tuneable oscillation frequency, which can be adjusted from 360 to 640 MHz by controlling the bias current with a sensitivity of 0.43 MHz/nA.

A 0.5 V Sub-Threshold CMOS Current-Controlled Ring Oscillator for IoT and Implantable Devices

Ballo A.;Pennisi S.
;
Scotti G.;Venezia C.
2022

Abstract

A current-controlled CMOS ring oscillator topology, which exploits the bulk voltages of the inverter stages as control terminals to tune the oscillation frequency, is proposed and analyzed. The solution can be adopted in sub-1 V applications, as it exploits MOSFETS in the subthreshold regime. Oscillators made up of 3, 5, and 7 stages designed in a standard 28-nm technology and supplied by 0.5 V, were simulated. By exploiting a programmable capacitor array, it allows a very large range of oscillation frequencies to be set, from 1 MHz to about 1 GHz, with a limited current consumption. Considering, for example, the five-stage topology, a nominal oscillation frequency of 516 MHz is obtained with an average power dissipation of about 29 µW. The solution provides a tuneable oscillation frequency, which can be adjusted from 360 to 640 MHz by controlling the bias current with a sensitivity of 0.43 MHz/nA.
Body biasing
Ring oscillator
Tuning range
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/524940
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