Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is the most frequent hematological disorder in children, with an incidence in industrialized countries of 20.1% between 0 and 4 years of age and 5.9% between 5 and 14 years (39 and 48.1% in developing countries). Although IDA has been recognized for a long time, there are still uncovered issues and room for improving the management of this condition. New frontiers regarding its diagnosis and therapeutic options emerge every day; recently, innovative formulations of iron have been launched, both for oral and parenteral administration, with the aim of offering treatment schedules with higher efficacy and lower toxicity. As a matter of fact, glycinate and liposomal preparations, while maintaining a satisfying efficacy profile, have significantly fewer side effects, in comparison to the traditional elemental iron salts; parenteral iron, usually considered a second‐choice therapy reserved to selected cases, may evolve further, as a consequence of the production of molecules with an interesting clinical profile such as ferrocarboxymaltose, which is already available for adolescents aged >14 years. The present article reports the clinically relevant latest insights regarding IDA in children and offers a practical guide to help pediatricians, particularly to choose the most appropriate prevention and therapy strategies.

New Insights into Iron Deficiency Anemia in Children: A Practical Review

Licciardello M.;Samperi P.;La Spina M.;Di Cataldo A.;Russo G.
2022-01-01

Abstract

Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is the most frequent hematological disorder in children, with an incidence in industrialized countries of 20.1% between 0 and 4 years of age and 5.9% between 5 and 14 years (39 and 48.1% in developing countries). Although IDA has been recognized for a long time, there are still uncovered issues and room for improving the management of this condition. New frontiers regarding its diagnosis and therapeutic options emerge every day; recently, innovative formulations of iron have been launched, both for oral and parenteral administration, with the aim of offering treatment schedules with higher efficacy and lower toxicity. As a matter of fact, glycinate and liposomal preparations, while maintaining a satisfying efficacy profile, have significantly fewer side effects, in comparison to the traditional elemental iron salts; parenteral iron, usually considered a second‐choice therapy reserved to selected cases, may evolve further, as a consequence of the production of molecules with an interesting clinical profile such as ferrocarboxymaltose, which is already available for adolescents aged >14 years. The present article reports the clinically relevant latest insights regarding IDA in children and offers a practical guide to help pediatricians, particularly to choose the most appropriate prevention and therapy strategies.
2022
anemia
bis‐glycinate iron
iron deficiency prevention
iron therapy
iron‐deficiency
liposomal iron
pediatric
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Moscheo Metabolites 22.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Versione Editoriale (PDF)
Dimensione 1.4 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.4 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/527480
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 12
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 11
social impact