Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and Hi-C methods are largely used to investigate the three-dimensional organization of the genome in the cell nucleus and are applied here to study the organization of genes (LMBR1, NOM1, MNX1, UBE3C, PTPRN2) localized in the human 7q36.3 band. This region contains the MNX1 gene, which is normally not expressed in human lymphocytes beyond embryonic development. However, this homeobox gene is frequently activated in leukemic cells and its expression is associated with an altered gene positioning in the leukemia cell nuclei. In this study, we used FISH on 3D-preserved nuclei to investigate the nuclear positioning of MNX1 in the leukemia-derived cell line K562. Of the five copies of the MNX1 gene present in K562, four alleles were positioned in the nuclear periphery and only one in the nuclear interior. Using the Juicebox’s Hi-C dataset, we identified five chromatin loops in the 7q36.3 band, with different extensions related to the size and orientation of the genes located here, and independent from their expression levels. We identified similar loops in 11 human and three mouse cell lines, showing that these loops are highly conserved in different human cell lines and during evolution. Moreover, the chromatin loop organization is well conserved also during neuronal cell differentiation, showing consistency in genomic organization of this region in development. In this report, we show that FISH and Hi-C are two different approaches that complement one another and together give complete information on the nuclear organization of specific chromosomal regions in different conditions, including cellular differentiation and genetic diseases.

From fish to hi-c: The chromatin architecture of the chromosomal region 7q36.3, frequently rearranged in leukemic cells, is evolutionary conserved

Gulino G. M.
Co-primo
;
Bruno F.
Co-primo
;
Sturiale V.;Brancato D.;Saccone S.
Penultimo
;
Federico C.
Ultimo
2021-01-01

Abstract

Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and Hi-C methods are largely used to investigate the three-dimensional organization of the genome in the cell nucleus and are applied here to study the organization of genes (LMBR1, NOM1, MNX1, UBE3C, PTPRN2) localized in the human 7q36.3 band. This region contains the MNX1 gene, which is normally not expressed in human lymphocytes beyond embryonic development. However, this homeobox gene is frequently activated in leukemic cells and its expression is associated with an altered gene positioning in the leukemia cell nuclei. In this study, we used FISH on 3D-preserved nuclei to investigate the nuclear positioning of MNX1 in the leukemia-derived cell line K562. Of the five copies of the MNX1 gene present in K562, four alleles were positioned in the nuclear periphery and only one in the nuclear interior. Using the Juicebox’s Hi-C dataset, we identified five chromatin loops in the 7q36.3 band, with different extensions related to the size and orientation of the genes located here, and independent from their expression levels. We identified similar loops in 11 human and three mouse cell lines, showing that these loops are highly conserved in different human cell lines and during evolution. Moreover, the chromatin loop organization is well conserved also during neuronal cell differentiation, showing consistency in genomic organization of this region in development. In this report, we show that FISH and Hi-C are two different approaches that complement one another and together give complete information on the nuclear organization of specific chromosomal regions in different conditions, including cellular differentiation and genetic diseases.
2021
Chromatin loops
Human lymphocytes
MNX1 gene
Neuronal differentiation
Topologically associated domains
Animals
Cell Line, Tumor
Cell Nucleus
Chromatin
Chromosomes, Human
Homeodomain Proteins
Humans
In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
Leukemia
Mice
Transcription Factors
Multigene Family
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/527931
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