Voltage-dependent anion-selective channels (VDACs) are pore-forming proteins allowing the permeability of the mitochondrial outer membrane. The VDAC3 isoform is the least abundant and least active in a complementation assay performed in a yeast strain devoid of porin-1. We swapped the VDAC3 N-terminal 20 amino acids with homologous sequences from the other isoforms. The substitution of the VDAC3 N-terminus with the VDAC1 N-terminus caused the chimaera to become more active than VDAC1. The VDAC2 N-terminus improved VDAC3 activity, though to a lesser extent. The VDAC3 carrying the VDAC1 N-terminus was able to complement the lack of the yeast porin in mitochondrial respiration and in modulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). This chimaera increased life span, indicating a more efficient bioenergetic metabolism and/or a better protection from ROS.
|Titolo:||Swapping of the N-terminus of VDAC1 with VDAC3 restores full activity of the channel and confers anti-aging features to the cell|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|