A simple high-performance liquid chromatography method using a diode array detector (DAD) is developed for the simultaneous analysis of five major catechins: (+)-catechin (C), (-)-epicatechin (EC), (-)-gallocatechin (GCT), (-)-epigallocatechin (EGC), (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), and the phenolic plant metabolites gallic acid (GA) and rutin (RT) in lyophilized extracts of Cistus species. The optimal analytical conditions are investigated to obtain the best resolution and the highest UV sensitivity for the quantitative detection of catechins. The optimized conditions (acetonitrile-phosphate buffer 50mM, pH 2.5, gradient elution system on a C 18 reversed-phase column with a flow rate of 1 mL/min and UV absorbance at 210 nm) allowed a specific and repeatable separation of the studied analytes to be achieved. All compounds are successfully separated within 32 min. Calibration curves are linear in the 2-50 μg/mL range for GCT, C, and EGCG and in the 5-50 μg/mL range for GA, EGC, EC, and RT. The limit of detection values ranged from 0.24 to 0.74 μg/mL. The limit of quantitation limit values ranged from 0.77 to 1.94 μg/mL. The validated method is applied to the determination of the specific phytochemical markers GA, GCT, C, and RT in Cistus incanus and Cistus monspeliensis lyophilised extracts. The recovery values ranged between 78.7% and 98.2%. The described HPLC method appears suitable for the differentiation and determination of the most common catechins together with the glycoside rutin and the phenolic compound gallic acid and can be considered an effective and alternative procedure for the analyses of this important class of natural compounds.
|Titolo:||Simultaneus Determination of Catechins, Rutin, and Gallic Acid in Cistus Species Extracts by HPLC with Diode Array Detection|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|