Opuntia genus belongs to the Cactaceae and includes a range of species from 75 to 250 originated from the Americas. Several Opuntia species represent useful sources of forage in many arid areas, and their cultivation is drastically increasing. However the taxonomic classification of these species is complicated by the lack of reliable morphological descriptors, the relevant phenotypic plasticity, and the frequency of natural hybridization and of polyploidy. In this study 31 genotypes selected for forage production including Opuntia ficus-indica and some related species were analyzed using SSR markers to establish their genetic variability and to elucidate phylogenetic relationships among cultivated genotypes and related species. The analysis of six loci allowed to univocally identify most of the accessions and confirmed the fact that their taxonomical classification is not congruent with the observed patterns of genetic diversity. Most of the accessions selected for forage production were grouped exhibiting a

Needs and strategies for breeding and sustainable use of genetic resources in Opuntia

Gentile, A.;La Malfa, S.
2022

Abstract

Opuntia genus belongs to the Cactaceae and includes a range of species from 75 to 250 originated from the Americas. Several Opuntia species represent useful sources of forage in many arid areas, and their cultivation is drastically increasing. However the taxonomic classification of these species is complicated by the lack of reliable morphological descriptors, the relevant phenotypic plasticity, and the frequency of natural hybridization and of polyploidy. In this study 31 genotypes selected for forage production including Opuntia ficus-indica and some related species were analyzed using SSR markers to establish their genetic variability and to elucidate phylogenetic relationships among cultivated genotypes and related species. The analysis of six loci allowed to univocally identify most of the accessions and confirmed the fact that their taxonomical classification is not congruent with the observed patterns of genetic diversity. Most of the accessions selected for forage production were grouped exhibiting a
cactus pear, breeding, cladodes, phylogenetic relationships, SSR markers.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/537538
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