Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia associated with an increased risk of stroke and thromboembolism. Anticoagulation with Vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) or with novel oral anti-coagulants (NOACs) represents the cornerstone of the pharmacological treatment to reduce the risk of thromboembolism. This study aims to provide real-world data from a whole large European country about NOAC use in "non-valvular atrial fibrillation" (NVAF).Methods: We analysed the Italian Medicines Agency (AIFA) monitoring registries collecting data of a nationwide cohort of patients with "NVAF" treated with NOACs. Using logistic regression analysis, baseline characteristics and treatment discontinuation information were compared among initiators of the 4 NOACs.Results: In the reference period, the NOAC database collected data for 683,172 patients. The median age was 78 years with 19.5% aged 85 or older. Overall, the treatments were in accordance with guidelines. About 1/3 of patients switched from a prior VKA treatment; in the 72.3% of cases, these patients had a labile International Normalized Ratio (INR) at first prescription. The most prescribed NOAC was rivaroxaban, followed by apixaban, dabigatran and edoxaban.Conclusions: This study is the largest European real-world study ever published on NOACs. It includes all Italian patients treated with NOACs since 2013 accounting for about 1/3 of subjects with AF. The enrolled population consisted of very elderly patients, at high risk of ischemic adverse events. The ALFA registries are consolidated tools that guarantee the appropriateness of prescription and provide important information for the governance of National Health System by collecting real-world data. (C) 2019 Published by Elsevier B.V.

Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulation agents in patients with atrial fibrillation: Insights from Italian monitoring registries

Gozzo, L;Cuomo, M;Colivicchi, F;Trotta, F
2020

Abstract

Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia associated with an increased risk of stroke and thromboembolism. Anticoagulation with Vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) or with novel oral anti-coagulants (NOACs) represents the cornerstone of the pharmacological treatment to reduce the risk of thromboembolism. This study aims to provide real-world data from a whole large European country about NOAC use in "non-valvular atrial fibrillation" (NVAF).Methods: We analysed the Italian Medicines Agency (AIFA) monitoring registries collecting data of a nationwide cohort of patients with "NVAF" treated with NOACs. Using logistic regression analysis, baseline characteristics and treatment discontinuation information were compared among initiators of the 4 NOACs.Results: In the reference period, the NOAC database collected data for 683,172 patients. The median age was 78 years with 19.5% aged 85 or older. Overall, the treatments were in accordance with guidelines. About 1/3 of patients switched from a prior VKA treatment; in the 72.3% of cases, these patients had a labile International Normalized Ratio (INR) at first prescription. The most prescribed NOAC was rivaroxaban, followed by apixaban, dabigatran and edoxaban.Conclusions: This study is the largest European real-world study ever published on NOACs. It includes all Italian patients treated with NOACs since 2013 accounting for about 1/3 of subjects with AF. The enrolled population consisted of very elderly patients, at high risk of ischemic adverse events. The ALFA registries are consolidated tools that guarantee the appropriateness of prescription and provide important information for the governance of National Health System by collecting real-world data. (C) 2019 Published by Elsevier B.V.
AF
Appropriateness
Monitoring registries
NOACs
Real world data
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/540036
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