In this work we show that simple classic models of power grids, albeit frequently utilized in many applications, may not be reliable for investigating cascading failures problems. For this purpose, we develop a novel model, based on a structure-preserving approach, to obtain a network-based description of a power grid, where nodes correspond to generators and buses, while the links correspond to the physical lines connecting them. In addition, we also consider classic voltage and frequency protection mechanisms for lines and buses. Considering the Italian power grid as a case study of interest, we then investigate the propagation of an initial failure of any line of the power system, and compare the predicted impact of the failure according to different assumptions in the model such as the presence or absence of protection mechanisms and a simplified description of the system dynamics. In particular, it can be observed that more realistic models are crucial to determine the size of the cascading failure, as well as the sequence of links that may be involved in the cascade.

A network-based structure-preserving dynamical model for the study of cascading failures in power grids

Lucia Valentina Gambuzza;Mattia Frasca;
2022

Abstract

In this work we show that simple classic models of power grids, albeit frequently utilized in many applications, may not be reliable for investigating cascading failures problems. For this purpose, we develop a novel model, based on a structure-preserving approach, to obtain a network-based description of a power grid, where nodes correspond to generators and buses, while the links correspond to the physical lines connecting them. In addition, we also consider classic voltage and frequency protection mechanisms for lines and buses. Considering the Italian power grid as a case study of interest, we then investigate the propagation of an initial failure of any line of the power system, and compare the predicted impact of the failure according to different assumptions in the model such as the presence or absence of protection mechanisms and a simplified description of the system dynamics. In particular, it can be observed that more realistic models are crucial to determine the size of the cascading failure, as well as the sequence of links that may be involved in the cascade.
Power grids
Complex networks
Failures
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/540454
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