New digital technologies are improving the accuracy of orthognathic surgery. One of the new approaches transfers the surgical plan into real surgery without using an occlusal splint. This pilot study aims to validate the splintless approach to orthognathic surgery on a series of cases. Five patients were enrolled. Surgeries were planned using a digital surgical simulation method thanks to three-dimensional images. The splintless surgical approach was planned for maxillary reposition. This consisted of cutting guides and three-dimensionally (3D) printed custom titanium plates. These two were created using the computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) technique and were used intraoperatively to guide the osteotomy and repositioning of the bony segments without the use of the surgical splint. The difference between the planned surgery and the real final position was analyzed thanks to superimposition techniques and landmark analysis. Statistical tests were performed to detect significant differences. No difference was found in any of the landmarks. Midline landmarks differed from the planned position by 0.34 mm. Higher variability was found in the posterior landmark. These findings suggest that a splintless approach is useful in transferring the surgical plan without using an occlusal splint.

Clinical Accuracy of Splintless Maxillary Positioning with Aid of CAD/CAM Fabricated Surgical Cutting Guides and Titanium Plates

Isola Gaetano
;
2022

Abstract

New digital technologies are improving the accuracy of orthognathic surgery. One of the new approaches transfers the surgical plan into real surgery without using an occlusal splint. This pilot study aims to validate the splintless approach to orthognathic surgery on a series of cases. Five patients were enrolled. Surgeries were planned using a digital surgical simulation method thanks to three-dimensional images. The splintless surgical approach was planned for maxillary reposition. This consisted of cutting guides and three-dimensionally (3D) printed custom titanium plates. These two were created using the computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) technique and were used intraoperatively to guide the osteotomy and repositioning of the bony segments without the use of the surgical splint. The difference between the planned surgery and the real final position was analyzed thanks to superimposition techniques and landmark analysis. Statistical tests were performed to detect significant differences. No difference was found in any of the landmarks. Midline landmarks differed from the planned position by 0.34 mm. Higher variability was found in the posterior landmark. These findings suggest that a splintless approach is useful in transferring the surgical plan without using an occlusal splint.
biomaterials
CAD/CAM
dental coatings
interfaces
splints
titanium plates
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/540470
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