The structural features of a series of diverse Deep Eutectic Solvents (DESs) have been investigated and characterized by means of two fluorescent probes. The spectral and photophysical properties of the latter are strictly dependent on the experienced environment, so that they can provide insights into the polarity, viscosity, hydrogen-bond network, and micro-heterogeneity of the various DESs.In fact, the investigated DESs exhibit a variety of properties with regards to their hydrophilicity, acidity, and hydrogen-bond ability, and these details were deeply probed by the two fluorescent molecules. The effect of the addition of water, which is a key strategy for tuning the properties of these structured systems, was also tested. In particular, the excited state dynamics of the probes, measured by femtosecond-resolved transient absorption, proved instrumental in understanding the changes in the structural properties of the DESs, namely reduced viscosity and enhanced heterogeneity, as the water percentage increases. Differences between the various DESs in terms of both local microheterogeneity and bulk viscosity also emerged from the peculiar multi-exponential solvation dynamics undergone by the excited states of the probes.The appraisal of a different local heterogeneity, depending on either the nature of the DES or the amount of added water, was also supported by the maximum entropy method (MEM) applied to the fluorescence decay kinetics, which gave clear indications about the different micro-heterogeneity of the DES systems. (C) 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Probing the structural features and the micro-heterogeneity of various deep eutectic solvents and their water dilutions by the photophysical behaviour of two fluorophores

Carmela Bonaccorso
Penultimo
Investigation
;
2021

Abstract

The structural features of a series of diverse Deep Eutectic Solvents (DESs) have been investigated and characterized by means of two fluorescent probes. The spectral and photophysical properties of the latter are strictly dependent on the experienced environment, so that they can provide insights into the polarity, viscosity, hydrogen-bond network, and micro-heterogeneity of the various DESs.In fact, the investigated DESs exhibit a variety of properties with regards to their hydrophilicity, acidity, and hydrogen-bond ability, and these details were deeply probed by the two fluorescent molecules. The effect of the addition of water, which is a key strategy for tuning the properties of these structured systems, was also tested. In particular, the excited state dynamics of the probes, measured by femtosecond-resolved transient absorption, proved instrumental in understanding the changes in the structural properties of the DESs, namely reduced viscosity and enhanced heterogeneity, as the water percentage increases. Differences between the various DESs in terms of both local microheterogeneity and bulk viscosity also emerged from the peculiar multi-exponential solvation dynamics undergone by the excited states of the probes.The appraisal of a different local heterogeneity, depending on either the nature of the DES or the amount of added water, was also supported by the maximum entropy method (MEM) applied to the fluorescence decay kinetics, which gave clear indications about the different micro-heterogeneity of the DES systems. (C) 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Microheterogeneity
Structural water
Fluorescent probe
Ultrafast spectroscopy
Solvation dynamics
Maximum entropy method
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/541180
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